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The Cost of Environmental Degradation : Case Studies from the Middle East and North Africa (Farsi)

Environmental degradation is costly, to individuals, to societies, and to the environment. This book, edited by Lelia Croitoru and Maria Sarraf, makes these costs clear by examining a number of studies carried out over the past few years by the World Bank's Middle East and North Africa region. Even more important than estimating the monetary cost of environmental degradation (COED), however, are the clear guidance and policy implications derived from these findings. This volume presents a new approach to estimating the impacts of environmental degradation. In the past, when government officials asked researchers the simple question how large are the impacts of environmental degradation? The response was often an emphatic 'large!' a rather imprecise number. The strength of this work is that it actually quantifies in economic terms how large is 'large' and thereby gains the attention of decision makers and offers specific insights for improved policy making. Finally, this book demonstrates the benefits of doing a coordinated, regional COED analysis that builds on the country-level studies. This two-tiered approach produces important synergies, in terms of both the methodologies used and the lessons learned.


  • Autor

    Croitoru,Lelia, Sarraf,Maria

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  • País

    Oriente Médio e Norte da África,

  • Região

    Oriente Médio e Norte da África,

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  • Nome do documento

    The Cost of Environmental Degradation : Case Studies from the Middle East and North Africa

  • Palavras-chave

    food and agricultural;Rural Development, Water and Environment;high population growth rate;average per capita income;United Nations Environment Programme;economic efficiency of water;annual per capita income;water availability for irrigation;treated wastewater;environmental damage;cost of water;exploitation of groundwater;agricultural productivity;environmental degradation;gross domestic product;gross national income;agricultural land;demand for water;loss of forest;nonwood forest product;impact of water;impact of dam;implications for policy;total economic value;Irrigated Agriculture;country case study;reserves of oil;cost of dam;absence of investment;direct use value;environmental risk factor;inadequate water supply;limited water supply;unsustainable agricultural practice;lack of drainage;deteriorating water quality;degradation of water;desirable economic activity;net present value;total suspended particulates;carbon dioxide equivalent;contingent valuation method;deterioration of water;impact on tourism;treatment and care;availability of information;contamination of water;large water consumer;loss of biodiversity;coastal water;poor water quality;quantity of water;conservation of water;impact on health;cost of treatment;sources of water;coastal area;irrigated area;water degradation;groundwater overexploitation;dam capacity;



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