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Community imperfections (Inglês)

Since the last decades of the twentieth century have been characterized by a strong disillusionment with the performances of the state, especially in countries of SubSaharan Africa, and since market imperfections are a pervasive feature of the rural economy in developing regions, it is perhaps not surprising that many professional and academic economists have looked increasingly to rural communities as a providential escape out of the state-market dilemma. This paper examines the functions of a community and looks at how communities may not be exactly ideal social arrangements for further development. The intent is to consider several of the community environment's potential shortcomings with respect to specific problems. The paper is concerned with community failures rather than community successes. This is with a view to drawing attention to several areas where it may be advisable for a decentralized approach to rural development to strengthen or complement communities instead of relying on them blindfully.




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