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Towards a greater depoliticization of investment disputes : the roles of ICSID and MIGA (Inglês)

Abuses of diplomatic protection in the 19th century led some developing countries to insist that disputes with foreign investors be settled exclusively before their domestic courts and according to their domestic law. By virtue of the Calvo Clause, Latin American countries required foreign investors to waive appeal to diplomatic protection by their states. However the governments of the foreign investor were not subject to this clause since governments are immune from suit under customary international law unless they waive their diplomatic protection. Therefore the Calvo Doctrine did not succeed in preventing the states of foreign investors from politically intervening to defend the interests. As a result, developing countries in Latin America particularly were forced to accept the jurisdiction of domestic courts in these foreign states even when their own laws were conflicting. This report describes how the international organizations, the International Centre for the Settlement of investment Disputes (ICSID) and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency operate to help avoid disputes between foreign investors and their host countries.

Detalhes

  • Autor

    Shihata,Ibrahim F. I.

  • Data do documento

    1992/01/01

  • TIpo de documento

    Documento de Trabalho

  • No. do relatório

    34898

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    Mundo,

  • Região

    Regiões Mundiais,

  • Data de divulgação

    2006/03/06

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    Towards a greater depoliticization of investment disputes : the roles of ICSID and MIGA

  • Palavras-chave

    united states house of representatives;settlement of investment dispute;diplomatic protection;foreign investor;principal place of business;public international law;Type of Investment;flow of resource;appointment of arbitrator;transfer of technology;host state;foreign direct investment;promotion of investment;number of arbitrators;andean pact;form of investment;multilateral investment guarantee;allocation of share;place of arbitration;Rule of Law;foreign arbitral award;international financial institution;law and regulation;disputes between state;flow of investment;international law rule;principle of equality;balance of interest;transfer of fund;authorized share capital;dispute settlement mechanism;customary international law;resolution of dispute;classification of country;prudent financial management;information on investment;exchange of information;absence of agreement;natural gas liquefaction;event of death;domestic law;investment agreement;arbitral tribunal;dispute arising;amicable settlement;guarantee operation;international court;provisional measure;international policy;sovereign immunity;equal vote;voting right;arbitration proceeding;foreign national;Natural Resources;commercial risk;equal representation;service contract;sole arbitrator;transfer risk;capital subscription;voluntary basis;promotional activity;Investment Flow;home countries;home country;political judgment;promotional effort;equity interest;legislative action;administrative action;civil unrest;domestic court;sound investment;franchise agreement;arbitral decision;Armed Conflict;industrial cooperation;public entity;minority group;premium income;commodity agreement;equal amount;basic vote;capital stock;uncontested fact;funds transfer;Advisory services;financial responsibility;arab countries;national investment;respective claim;international arbitration;bilateral agreement;investment license;capital flight;contractual dispute;Insurance Law;promissory note;license agreement;financial obligation;risk portfolio;constitutional requirement;juridical personality;voting power;public debt;arbitration court;transfer ownership;district court;foreign property;recipient countries;early identification;legal framework;private investor;state loan;international business;territorial jurisdiction;judicial remedies;sovereign states;contractual arrangement;local court;tax legislation;judicial intervention;conservatory measure;state participation;certified copies;competent court;tax system;tax payable;simple procedure;international convention;certified copy;International Public;constitutional provision;industrial investment;tourist centers;chemical plant;urban housing;ample opportunity;turnkey contract;corporate investor;international life;innovative feature;institutional arbitration;investment conditions;foreign nationality;aluminium production;productive purposes;investment process;arbitration rule;Conflict Resolution;governing body;financial agreement;judicial assistance;international investment;international conflict;currency conversion;lending institution;sovereign equality;legal character;capital contribution;arbitral proceeding;international claim;alleged violation;regional investment;transnational contract;arbitration clause;bilateral treaty;guarantee program;international jurisdiction;investment treaty;guarantee scheme;investor access;

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