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The Russian Federation : an exploratory assessment of transport connectivity (Inglês)

This study describes the performance of the sector vis-à-vis socioeconomic features of regions and discusses whether the development of market opportunities is limited by the availability of transport.Specifically, this study has two main objectives. First, it provides an exploratory assessment of transport connectivity in Russia. Second, it assesses the impact of improved transport productivity on the Russian economy and whether such an improvement has different economic impacts in various regions of the country. The study is complemented by a market/industry analysis and the performance of transport infrastructure in two selected regions : Zabaikalsky Krai and Khabarovsk Krai. Transport connectivity, as defined in this study, mainly focuses on freight transport and not so much on how passengers in different parts of the country are able to access transport services. Furthermore, while this study assesses general relationships between transport connectivity and economic outcomes—such as growth, poverty, and productivity it does not intend to formally or empirically establish a causal relationship between these variables. Expectedly, the average economic distance to market is much less in the well-connected western and central regions than in the more isolated eastern and northern regions. An increase in transport efficiency, resulting from reduction of travel time or technological progress,can have a different impact on regional productivity and welfare. This study presents some preliminary results of a simulation of a positive shock in transport efficiency using a regional general equilibrium analysis for Russia. International surveys of manufacturing and services firms provide mixed evidence of the importanceof transport for firm productivity in Russia.For a country as a large as Russia, it does not suffice to provide an explanation of connectivity in thewhole territory. However, isolated regions, at least those located in areas far from markets in the European side of Russia, may not necessarily be “transport disconnected” from their markets. Finally, it is important to note that in a large country like Russia achieving a good level of connectivity depends both on the density of the national transport network and the level of population dispersion.This report is divided into two parts. Part one considers the provision of transport services at the national level. We first summarize selected studies of the impact of transport services on economic growth and development, then discuss some relevant characteristics of Russia’s provision of transport services andtransport sector performance. Part two of the report develops two case studies.


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    Documento de Trabalho

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    Federação Russa,

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    Europa e Ásia Central,

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    The Russian Federation : an exploratory assessment of transport connectivity

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    rural transportation infrastructure;computable general equilibrium model;regional general equilibrium analysis;high cost of energy;transport network;transport efficiency;transport service;availability of transport;air transport infrastructure;sparsely populated region;impact of transport;access to finance;development of market;freight transport;regional growth;population dispersion;regional convergence;main road;transport cost;trade volume;central regions;dispersed population;road access;firm productivity;high tax;spatial inequality;international market;remote area;port capacity;land size;remote region;rural area;spatial disparities;federal district;connectivity index;fishing industry;social exclusion;regional capital;mineral deposit;Natural Resources;high transport;trade partner;massive investment;trading partner;national transport;large town;road congestion;transport investment;secondary city;firm size;railway network;regional productivity;future research;program leader;social sustainability;socio-economic indicator;lagging region;poverty incidence;main transport;rail network;market size;regional connectivity;industry analysis;causal relationship;technological progress;trade center;domestic freight;transportation hubs;rail lines;market opportunity;reliable access;positive shock;job opportunity;job opportunities;weighted average;domestic trade;freight ton;extreme weather;Transport Productivity;national highway;productivity shock;market access;market accessibility;regional correlation;regional assessment;socioeconomic disparity;federal road;Trade Policies;Trade Policy;federal highway;technological advancement;road investment;underdeveloped region;long-distance passenger;rail transport;ship time;



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