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Human capital and economic growth : Human capital literature review (Inglês)

Afghanistan is one of the least developed countries in the world, with an estimated poverty rate of 35.8 percent as of 2012. As is the case with many other developing countries, poverty in Afghanistan is associated with other deprivations in well-being, including lack of education and skills, poor health, and limited access to services. The adult literacy rate remains one of the lowest in the world at 31.4 percent, underscored by wide gender and geographical disparities. The human capital disadvantage along poverty, gender and rural-urban lines is particularly pronounced. At the heart of the government of Afghanistan’s development goals has been the recognition that their success will largely depend on human capital investment. Given the importance of human capital investment in determining Afghanistan’s future, exploring the concept of human capital is an important and significant topic of research. This document reviews the major theoretical contributions to the literature on human capital on and growth, as well as empirical evidence from around the world. Furthermore, it presents an overview of best practices and lessons learned from other countries’ experiences that may provide insights for Afghanistan.


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    Human capital literature review



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