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India - Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project for Low Income States Project : Environmental Assessment (Vol. 2) : Environmental Assessment and Environmental Management Framework for the State of Bihar (Inglês)

The objective of the Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project for Low Income States for India is to deliver sustainable water services and improved sanitation through appropriate decentralized institutional models. Some of the negative impacts include : (i) inadequate and/or disrupted water supply affects human health and environmental sanitation; (ii) consumption of poor quality or contaminated water affects human health and livelihood; (iii) community involvement on decline in planning, design and implementation; (iv) discharge of inadequately treated municipal and industrial wastes in receiving water bodies or on land; (v) presence of arsenic and fluoride at concentrations exceeding the permissible levels for drinking water use; (vi) without adequate arrangements for treatment and disposal, the wastewater often seeps into hand pumps, open dug wells and pipelines, and the village ponds leading to contamination of aquifers and loss of productive uses; (vii) wastage of water and creating water logging and becoming breeding ground of vectors; (viii) risk of ground water contamination if notdesigned and constructed properly; (ix) unhygienic environmental sanitation conditions due to large number of manure pits; (x) consumption of poor quality or contaminated water affects human health and livelihood; (xi) sanitary disposal of sullage; Some of the mitigation measures are include : (i) community involvement should be at every stage of project including: siting, planning, design, and operation of the schemes; (ii) effective regulations as well as preventive and corrective measures for controlling sources of pollution should be ensured; (iii) adequate treatment and gainful utilization of the treated effluent or sullage is possible in agriculture,aquaculture and agro forestry; (iv) provide alternative means of livelihood for pig-rearing farmers; (v) augment supply though rehabilitation or upgrading ofexisting system wherever feasible; (vi) proper drainage facility to be provided; (vii) regulation of extractions, efficient use with proper crop management, community involvement in distribution of available water resources for competing demands; (viii) paving of internal paths with appropriate locally available material or water bound macadam or brick to ensure proper drainage; (ix) provide individual or community compost pits for sanitary disposal of biodegradable wastes; (x) machineries as well as equipments shall be maintained properly; (xi) in dusty areas, sprinkling of water shall be done and especial caremust be given during summer season; (xii) workers working in dusty areas such as concrete mixing equipmentshall use stringently nose masks; (xiii) proper sanitation facilities shall be provided in the construction camps; (xiv) regular cleaning and back washing of treatment units or filters in-lined with hand pumps (removal of wreckage, etc.) shall be ensured.

Detalhes

  • Autor

    The Energy and Resources Institute

  • Data do documento

    2019/12/01

  • TIpo de documento

    Avaliação Ambiental

  • No. do relatório

    SFG4884

  • Nº do volume

    2

  • Total Volume(s)

    2

  • País

    Índia,

  • Região

    Sul da Ásia,

  • Data de divulgação

    2019/12/05

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    Environmental Assessment and Environmental Management Framework for the State of Bihar

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