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Uganda - A Reform Agenda for More and Better Jobs through Agriculture (Inglês)

Economic transformation in low-income countries (LICs) starts in agriculture, where most workers earn their living. Drivers of agricultural growth and poverty reduction for more than a decade in Uganda, largely unrelated to specific Ugandan agricultural policy, are unlikely to repeat. Prospects for being able to continue to promote overall growth and rapid job creation through agricultural growth in Uganda are uncertain. Uganda has a number of concerning issues related to economic growth and agricultural employment. It is questionable whether the Uganda agricultural sector can continue to drive poverty reduction and economic growth and provide enough more and better jobs. The author can draw on evidence and lessons from what has worked in other countries to support Ugandan agriculture sector growth and jobs. Progress in rebooting agricultural productivity growth and continued agricultural trade growth is tied to growth in formal jobs. The agro, food processing, and food services together can generate about new 200,000 formal jobs in Uganda over the next decade, which represent better, more regularly paid work than in smallholder farming. If, however, agriculture is treated like a low growth holding sector for the majority of the population, deserving of equity transfers but without major growth prospects, this promise is unlikely to be attained, with serious consequences for the overall economy.

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