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Niger - Food security and safety nets (Inglês)

Niger is a very poor country that faces serious problems of poverty and household food insecurity. With a per capita gross national income (GNI) of US$240 and an estimated 62 percent of the population living below the poverty line, Niger is one of the lowest-ranked countries on the United Nations' human development index. Reducing vulnerability and ensuring food and nutrition security is an overarching priority for the Government. Maintaining food security at the national and household level is an important priority for developing countries in general, both for the welfare of the poor and for political stability. In order to ensure food security, governments have adopted various strategies, including efforts to increase staple food crop production, market interventions, and a variety of safety net programs, especially during emergencies. In Niger, where profound vulnerabilities combined with a high level of population growth have resulted in endemic food insecurity, the Government is faced with a serious challenge. In this context, the purpose of this study is to contribute to the existing strategy and assist the Government in developing a holistic, multi-sectoral, and institutional approach to reducing the population's vulnerability to food insecurity. This report adds value to the ongoing policy discussions in two ways: first, it presents new empirical analysis of: i) food insecurity and vulnerability of households during the period of food crises as well as during normal period, ii) the structure and integration of cereal markets within Niger and with markets in neighboring countries, and iii) causes of the 2005 food crisis, and lessons learned on implications of various levels of cross-border flows between Niger and Nigeria. Second, it provides concrete short- and medium-term recommendations for helping government to improve the performance of existing programs to increase food security, particularly related to preparedness for and responses to food crises, and to design efficient safety nets mechanisms for vulnerable population.


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    Niger - Food security and safety nets

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    food crisis;food insecurity;chronic food insecurity;Technical and Financial Partners;safety net program;poor access to health facility;food aid;vulnerability to food insecurity;Social Safety Nets;Food and Nutrition Security;cereal production;social safety net program;net purchasers of food;per capita food consumption;access to food;incidence of poverty;life expectancy at birth;Policy and Institutional Framework;Food Security and Nutrition;terms of trade shock;national policy-makers;population living in poverty;investment in agricultural research;spatial distribution of poverty;food availability;safety net system;emergency response;food security situation;social protection strategy;staple food crop;poor household;rural area;risk and vulnerability;safety net intervention;household food insecurity;gross domestic product;drought;food aid donor;household food security;high population growth;social protection interventions;coefficient of variation;household food consumption;food security issue;public works program;early warning system;source income;source of income;transparent eligibility criteria;early warning indicator;conditional cash transfer;lack of opportunity;effects of shocks;long-term financial commitment;access to water;food insecure household;improved water source;lack of resource;impact of shock;food security problem;food aid flow;chronically poor people;primarily due;rural household income;food security indicator;market information system;investment in road;susceptibility to shock;agriculture and livestock;measuring food security;health and nutrition;source of financing;Ready to Eat;exemption from duty;mother and child;school meal program;safety net mechanism;analysis of poverty;variability of rainfall;improving food security;child mortality rate;infant mortality rate;household budget survey;depth of poverty;per capita consumption;average poverty rate;high poverty incidence;school feeding program;health service utilization;regional trade patterns;impact of poverty;national food security;food for all;caloric consumption;cereal market;coping strategy;policy option;nutritional status;food production;vulnerable group;coping mechanism;agricultural productivity;household expenditure;grain price;net import;Coping Mechanisms;affected households;grain market;cereal imports;household head;crisis prevention;household level;household survey;food price;regional variation;rural population;micronutrient deficiency;poor health;national system;cereal bank;



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