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'Governance in the protection of immovable property rights in Albania : a continuing challenge' - second edition of a World Bank issue brief (Inglês)

Despite several attempts at reform, immovable property rights in Albania are not adequately secure and represent an important governance challenge. Problems have resulted from incomplete first title registration, the lack of accurate cadastral records, and, in many cases, the absence of reliable evidence of ownership. Although Albania has adopted legislation calling for restitution or compensation for owners whose property was expropriated under communism, implementation is incomplete. In Albania, rapid internal migration has resulted in informal occupation of land and unauthorized construction on a mass scale, thus compounding the problems associated with the incomplete transfer of property. During the 1990s, as much as one-third of the population of some northern and mountainous regions migrated to urban, peri-urban, and coastal areas in search of income generation opportunities, despite the lack of adequate housing infrastructure or public service provision. Internal migration continues, albeit at a slower pace. Gaps in territorial planning legislation and administrative failures in the issuance of construction permits have made it difficult to obtain an appropriate construction permit, even when occupiers have legal title to the land. State authorities have largely failed to prevent new illegal occupation of land and illegal construction, and it is estimated that up to one-third of all buildings in Albania are illegal due to the occupier's lack of clear title and/or appropriate construction permit. This review of immovable property rights in Albania draws primarily upon this definition, which takes into account the popular legitimacy of state institutions and respect for the law among citizens and government institutions the softer aspects of governance that are essential to understanding how policies are made and implemented in practice and how public resources are used.

Detalhes

  • Data do documento

    2012/04/01

  • TIpo de documento

    Revisão institucional e da governança (IGR)

  • No. do relatório

    62519

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    Albânia,

  • Região

    Europa e Ásia Central,

  • Data de divulgação

    2012/12/13

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    'Governance in the protection of immovable property rights in Albania : a continuing challenge' - second edition of a World Bank issue brief

  • Palavras-chave

    security of land tenure;number of illegal constructions;legal point of view;integrated coastal zone management;large amount of capital;civil society at large;property right;immovable property;payment of compensation;Rule of Law;restitution of property;property as collateral;access to land;private property right;construction permit;cultural heritage site;method of compensation;terms of policy;compensation in cash;implementation of policies;public service provision;evidence of ownership;transfer of property;income generation opportunities;real estate property;urban public service;claim for restitution;world war ii;number of migrants;committee of minister;Urban Planning;property market;title registration;clear title;agricultural land;internal migration;legal title;informal settlement;legal framework;human rights;partial compensation;registered property;social tension;monetary compensation;outstanding claim;legal right;land occupation;compensation scheme;cartographic data;privatization process;constructed buildings;legal protection;accession negotiation;government decision;territorial planning;mountainous area;transfer ownership;legal owner;Public Services;ownership right;aerial photograph;state land;vulnerable group;coordination problem;sustainable solution;squatter community;property registration;fiscal affordability;state budget;formal system;insecure property;legal challenge;market economy;public good;Public Goods;rural area;case file;public finance;application process;court judgment;compensation fund;special account;illegal activities;legal authority;fair trial;valuation methodology;domestic judgment;legal instrument;housing right;local committees;government body;expropriated property;Property title;legal requirement;budget resource;privatization scheme;funds allocation;application cost;institutional assessment;administrative procedure;qualifying criteria;amount due;government bond;sliding scale;application fee;digital map;national legislation;aerial photography;government approval;compensation framework;international reputation;constitutional court;staff qualification;compensation mechanism;cash compensation;apartment block;fiscal cost;site visits;socialist property;social unrest;involuntary resettlement;planning authority;remedial action;government authority;political implication;voting right;political landscape;governance challenge;property transaction;coastal area;adequate housing;state authority;formal property;environmental problem;albanian lek;governance reform;registration system;nationwide effort;building law;forest land;housing stock;illegal status;legal cost;foreign buyer;mass migration;natural reserve;analytical study;draft law;indigenous land;cooperative farm;cooperative land;ineffective law;civil law;registry system;illegal settlement;central agencies;privatization vouchers;compensation amount;anecdotal evidence;foreign investor;citizen complaints;open debate;court decision;capacity constraint;coherent policy;timely payment;construction inspection;land title;protected area;budget fund;flood zone;property claim;land claim;good faith;political will;electronic datum;information requirement;social resource;public official;public policy;social interaction;public resource;active participation;comprehensive strategy;weak enforcement;high court;corruption opportunities;reform effort;transition country;transition countries;land privatization;documentary evidence;urban dweller;case law;administrative provision;fundamental freedom;accurate surveying;damage claim;

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