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Participatory forest management and REDD plus in Tanzania policy note (Inglês)

Tanzania's land, local government and forest laws empower rural communities with well-defined rights to own, manage and benefit from forest and woodland resources within their local areas through the establishment of village forests. This approach, known by practitioners as Community Based Forest Management (CBFM) leads to the legal establishment of Village Land Forest Reserves, Community Forest Reserves or Private Forests. A second approach called Joint Forest Management (JFM) takes place in government forest reserves, where management responsibilities are shared between local communities and the state. Spread of these two approaches has been relatively rapid over the past 15 years. By 2008, 1,460 villages on mainland Tanzania were involved in establishing or managing village forests covering over 2.345 million hectares. Additional 863 villages are currently involved in Joint Forest Management (JFM) approaches within government forest reserves, in which management responsibilities are shared by government and local communities. 1.78 million hectares of forest reserve under central or local government jurisdiction are currently under Joint Forest Management.

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