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Identification in the Context of Forced Displacement : Identification for Development (ID4D) (Inglês)

Lack of identity documents is an important obstacle to the protection of people forced to leave their homes by conflict, persecution, or natural disaster. At the most basic level, a person lacking identity documents cannot travel through the legal channels. Lack of identification can make people more vulnerable to trafficking, for example by making it more difficult to prove a person’s age or family relationships. Those who lack identity documents may face greater difficulties proving their entitlement to nationality or to refugee status. The absence of fair and effective processes for registration and identification places displaced persons at the risk of exploitation and exclusion. Access to essential public services will be limited. Children are at risk of becoming stateless because of difficulties in accessing birth registration and because the rules and practices in place may prevent them from acquiring the nationality either of (one of) their parents or of the country of birth. Poorly implemented identification systems may even put displaced people at greater risk. If registration and identification procedures are not properly carried out, people who qualify to be recognized as refugees or stateless. Persons, or as nationals, may be subject to immigration detention and deportation to a country where they are in danger, or to illegal exploitation where they are. Weak identification systems can make it difficult for displaced persons and their children to reunite, to repatriate after crises have ended, and to reclaim land and property that they left behind. Robust identification and registration systems for displaced people also mitigate the disruptive impacts of rapid influxes of refugees for governments, and assist planning to respond to the needs of the displaced populations.


  • Autor

    Manby,Nonie Bronwen

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    Documento de Trabalho

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    Regiões Mundiais,

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  • Nome do documento

    Identification in the Context of Forced Displacement : Identification for Development (ID4D)

  • Palavras-chave

    convention relating to the status of refugees; convention on the rights of the child; Fragile & Conflict-Affected States; country of origin; Civil Registration and Identification; international human rights obligation; access to social protection; identity documents; stateless person; registration of birth; birth registration; country of residence; refugee status; children of refugees; country of birth; outflows of refugees; life event; freedom of movement; risk of expulsion; proof of identity; right to residence; return of refugee; civil registration systems; civil society partner; multilateral international treaty; second world war; protection of migrants; education for child; children of migrants; risk of abuse; naturalization of refugees; protection of refugee; trafficking in persons; influx of refugees; education child; form of discrimination; types of migrants; global action plan; convention on nationality; council of europe; basis of sex; exclusion from society; Internally Displaced Person; identification system



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