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Tsunami impact and recovery (Inglês)

The tsunami which hit Maldives on 26 December, 2004 was a nation-wide disaster which caused severe damage to the physical infrastructure of many islands. The tsunami has set back the high levels of social progress and prosperity achieved in recent years. Total damages are estimated to be US$470 million, 62 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Of these losses, direct losses are $298 million, or about 8 percent of the replacement cost of the national capital stock. Severe damage was caused to houses, tourist resorts, boats and other fishing equipment, schools, health facilities, transport and communication equipment, water and sanitation, and electricity infrastructure. There has also been substantial damage to agricultural crops and perennial trees. Farms, homestead plots, and aquifers have been salinized. The physical damage has led to severe human suffering inasmuch as large segments of the population have lost their dwellings, lifetime assets, savings, and sources of livelihood. About 7 percent of the population is now living in temporary shelters or with relatives.


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    Tsunami impact and recovery

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    average life expectancy at birth;Social and Economic Inclusion;teaching and learning materials;small and medium enterprise;extremely low population density;net primary school enrolment;rising sea levels;risk management system;economies of scale;disaster risk management;local government service;risk management strategy;per capita income;global climate change;diseconomies of scale;loss of life;sea defense;water storage facility;distribution of risk;sea level rise;public health programs;land use plan;land use planning;safe drinking water;health and nutrition;disease surveillance system;public safety net;social protection strategy;safety net program;building code regulation;social support network;Internally Displaced People;short term employment;income support program;cash transfer program;public service provision;duplication of efforts;quality of education;access to internet;bed night capacity;capacity of community;vulnerability to poverty;displacement of people;fixed exchange rate;current account deficit;education and health;kilometers per hour;temporary income support;world health organization;liters of water;source income;loss of income;source of income;Financial Management System;international accounting standard;waste management practice;people with disability;disposal of waste;Public Expenditure Management;small island economies;physical damage;financing need;affected population;inhabited islands;macroeconomic impact;health facility;tourism sector;damage assessment;temporary shelter;environmental issue;vulnerable group;public financing;fishing vessel;island community;population concentration;Global Warming;government revenue;relief effort;Coral Reef;affected communities;psychosocial support;Risk Transfer;risk exposure;Public Services;fishing equipment;capital stock;maldivian rufiyaa;fishing boat;polychlorinated biphenyl;reconstruction activities;reconstruction work;recovery program;risk map;beach erosion;human suffering;emergency health;fiscal deficit;single woman;fish processing;dispersed population;cash assistance;damaged house;agricultural crop;long-term strategy;Tourist Hotel;tourist resort;septic tank;hazardous substance;replacement cost;total damages;Housing reconstruction;assessment mission;physical asset;environmental standard;government authority;tidal wave;recovery effort;tourist arrival;community mobilization;emergency relief;relief supply;data gathering;occupancy rate;emergency medicine;land area;health status;international financing;international community;spatial dispersion;host families;fishery sector;capacity strengthening;food import;food need;asset restoration;environmental damage;soil erosion;home base;market gardening;economic shock;public support;sectoral teams;psychological support;financial incentive;logistic support;employment scheme;cash grant;targeted food;logistics support;private housing;individual need;food processing;administrative overhead;school dropout;children's education;health needs;medical supply;grant financing;emotional stress;pregnant woman;private source;displaced person;emergency operation;Displaced Population;island nations;natural vegetation;environmental problem;coral sand;postsecondary education;dump site;healthcare waste;human excreta;information flow;untrained teacher;donor assistance;school infrastructure;international sources;internal control;internal auditor;regulatory system;built environment;private contractor;environment act;open sea;construction material;free health;open burn;school facility;organizational structure;fresh water;saltwater intrusion;unemployed labor;fragile ecosystem;demolition waste;emergency need;field visits;extreme vulnerability;expatriate teacher;infrastructure damage;multilateral development;national economy;water container;vulnerability assessment;warning system;information base;preparedness planning;teaching staff;water desalination;cash donations;vulnerability analysis;private institution;large families;emergency shelter;vulnerability reduction



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