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Agricultural sector risk assessment in Niger : moving from crisis response to long-term risk management - technical assistance (Inglês)

Niger, owing to its climatic, institutional, livelihood, economic, and environmental context, is one of the most vulnerable countries of the world. Poverty is pervasive in Niger and it ranks low on almost all the human development indicators. Agriculture is the most important sector of Niger's economy and accounts for over 40 percent of national gross domestic product (GDP) and is the principle source of livelihood for over 80 percent of the country's population. The performance of the agricultural sector, however, due to its high exposure to risks, is very volatile. Niger has experienced multiple shocks, largely induced by agricultural risks over the past 30 years, which impose high welfare cost in terms of food availability, food affordability, and malnutrition. It also adversely affects household incomes, performance of the agricultural sector, the government's fiscal balance, and the growth rate of Niger's economy. Niger is a case of living perpetually with risk, thus more emphasis on long-term structural solutions, rather than short-term quick fixes, is required to improve the resilience of the agricultural sector. Designing and implementing a comprehensive agricultural risk management strategy will require sustained and substantial financial investments, shifting the focus from short-term crisis response to long-term risk management, streamlining disparate donor investments and isolated interventions toward the core problem, supporting decentralized community, and farm-level decision making, integrating agricultural risk management into the existing development frameworks, prioritizing agricultural risks into government and donor strategies, and focusing on implementation.


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    Agricultural sector risk assessment in Niger : moving from crisis response to long-term risk management - technical assistance

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    drought;Agricultural Risk;rainy season;agricultural sector;weights and measure;crop production;Soil and Water Conservation;crop and livestock;high population growth rate;Land and Water Resources;political instability;United Nations Environment Programme;average per capita consumption;peste des petits ruminant;net purchasers of food;social safety net program;agriculture sector risk;crop production system;Natural Resource Management;risk management strategy;drought risk management;seasonal price movements;loss of income;livestock disease;exchange rate risk;world food programme;lack of money;area under irrigation;total factor productivity;household food security;availability of food;expansion of irrigation;severity of impact;weather risk management;food crop production;average annual rainfall;impact on poverty;improved seed variety;declining soil fertility;lack of water;agricultural land resource;dry season crop;food production capacity;per capita income;chronic food insecurity;drop in poverty;loss of asset;human development indicator;land holding size;emergency and risk;cash crop production;early warning system;Computable General Equilibrium;consumer price index;affairs of state;exposure to risk;access to food;gdp growth rate;food price volatility;Exchange Rates;crop pest;food availability;production risk;agricultural production;transitional government;



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