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Mongolia - Heating stove market trends in poor, peri-urban ger areas of Ulaanbaatar and selected markets outside Ulaanbaatar : stocktaking report of the Mongolia clean stoves initiative (Inglês)

Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia is the coldest capital of the world and remains one of its most polluted. Coal and wood burning for heating are essential for survival but contribute about 60 percent of the fine particulate (PM2.5) concentrations in the city. These levels of exposure are very harmful to health and exceed World Health Organization (WHO) standards many-fold. The heating appliances causing the pollution are both traditional stoves that have been used for generations and, increasingly, coal fired stove furnaces used by wealthier households. The overwhelming majority of households in the ger areas (informal settlements surrounding the city), however, are poor, and the population continues to grow as job prospects in Ulaanbaatar attract more migrants. The World Bank estimates that a reduction of 80 percent of emissions from ger area heating could achieve a 48 percent reduction in population weighted exposure to PM2.5. To achieve this, poor households need to be convinced to permanently switch to less polluting heating solutions, an effort that will require a multi-year, coordinated set of policies and programs. This study takes stock of recent developments and provides market information on affordability, attitudes, fuel consumption, and other market information for stoves and fuels inside and outside Ulaanbaatar. It provides insights for solutions to the important challenges that remain to achieve a sustainable market transformation to low-emission stoves.


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    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

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    Mongolia - Heating stove market trends in poor, peri-urban ger areas of Ulaanbaatar and selected markets outside Ulaanbaatar : stocktaking report of the Mongolia clean stoves initiative

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    Public Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility;average household;average age;ambient air quality standard;Foundation for Sustainable Development;resistance to change;traditional stove;bottom income quintile;private sector participant;repair and maintenance;hot water system;reduction in emission;increase in income;Access to Electricity;outdoor air pollution;sale of new;electric hot plate;support for producer;central city area;supply chain;monthly income;eligibility criterion;rapid assessment;rapid appraisal;raw coal;market trend;road map;heating system;household use;market segment;take stock;fuel use;stakeholder consultation;local artisans;local production;emission performance;fuel saving;funding support;Lending Product;regional forum;household level;mitigation measure;field testing;heating fuel;provincial capitals;penetration rate;coal fire;household access;household survey;urban population;administrative region;household preference;sale price;baseline survey;development partner;energy access;urban poor;small population;Energy Sector;health damage;cleaner alternatives;empirical evidence;city greening;regular monitoring;estimate impact;heat utility;minimum requirement;verification system;adjustment need;program development;monitoring data;sales service;market base;spot check;transparent reporting;pricing strategy;local university;public awareness;large emission;central market;traditional consumer;site visits;product offerings;market price;public outcomes;public objective;animal dung;market structure;energy import;fuel producer;abatement measure;test result;mobile banking;consumer subsidy;Distance Learning;land area;infrastructure cost;emission requirement;laboratory capacity;policy option;market information;low-income family;verification procedures;awareness campaign;broad consensus;sustainable outcomes;poor household;foreign producer;testing program;energy service;market transformation;intervention strategy;market situation;billion people;electricity access;enforcement mechanism;traditional products;solid fuel;sale transaction;distribution channel;scientific community;Population Density;emission control;floor area;private capital;commercial bank;household heating;heavily dependent;regulatory process;pilot program;energy product;donor community;negative feedback;green cities;logistic support;logistics support;consumer preference;flue gas;cleaner emission;job prospects;private entrepreneur;legal standard;import supplier;informal settlement;program impact;enforcement process;soft credit;certification mechanism;seasonal variability;summer months;traditional use;railway station;health problem;banking service;penalty system;lab testing;



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