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The alleviation of poverty under structural adjustment (Inglês)

This study has identified a number of examples in which concerns about the alleviation of poverty have been given some practical expression in adjustment programs. Because most of these examples are of very recent origin, it is difficult to assess how effective they have been in helping the poor. First, one striking feature of the illustrations compiled is that they are invariably orderly or planned structural adjustment programs that have often been implemented with Bank assistance (Bolivia, Cote d'Ivoire, The Gambia, Indonesia, Jamaica, and Thailand). Second, income distributions will inevitably change during adjustment. These changes are the principal incentives for resource reallocation, and without them the objectives of adjustment will not be realized. Third, the study highlights the advantages of interventions that increase the primary income claims of the poor. Finally, adjustment can act as a catalyst for policymakers to examine carefully the costs and benefits of their programs for the poor.


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    Demery, Lionel Addison, Tony

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    The alleviation of poverty under structural adjustment

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    adjustment process,agricultural extension,agricultural output,agricultural production,agricultural sector,annual rate,balance of payments,capital markets,case studies,chronic poverty,comparative advantage,conflict,cultivable land,debt,developing countries,development aid,disposable income,drought,economic activities,economic contraction,economic efficiency,economic growth,economic problems,economic rents,empirical material,employment,employment programs,equilibrium,exchange rate,farm income,Farms,food insecurity,food security,foreign exchange,forestry,health services,high unemployment,human capital,imperfect information,income,income distribution,income levels,Inequality,inflation,informal economy,informal sector,informal sectors,input prices,interest rates,labor market,land reform,legislation,living standards,long term,market distortions,market liberalization,minimum wage,new poor,oil,policy changes,policy dialogue,policy instruments,political constraints,political processes,political support,poor people,poverty alleviation,poverty groups,price changes,producers,productive asset,productive assets,productivity,productivity growth,property rights,public sector,real terms,real wages,Research Institute,rural areas,rural communities,rural poor,rural poverty,rural-urban terms,short term,social costs,social group,structural adjustment,structural adjustment loans,structural adjustment policies,structural adjustment programs,targeting,tax structure,terms of trade,tradeoffs,transfer payments,unemployment,urban areas,urban poor,urban poverty,vulnerable groups,wages,working poor



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