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Logistics, transport and food prices in LAC : Policy guidance for improving efficiency and reducing costs (Inglês)

Transport and logistics costs are high in the LAC region. On a macro-level, the World Bank has estimated LAC logistics costs, as a percent of GDP, to be between 16 and 26 percent compared to the OECD benchmark of about 9 percent. At the national level, average logistics costs represent a share of product value between 18 and 32 percent, compared again with 9 percent for the OECD. This policy discussion paper is the result of a joint Inter-American Development Bank and World Bank effort to provide background information on issues of particular interest to the Finance Ministers of Latin America and the Caribbean Region. The introductory section explains the rationale for the Guidance Note, reflecting on the relevance of food prices in LAC, their impact on the poor and the effect that logistics and transport costs have on those prices. Based upon that framework, the note provides an overview of the logistics and transport hurdles faced by importers and consumers in the region as food products move through the logistics chain. The final section of the report provides some policy guidance that could improve the efficiency of logistics systems in LAC and reduce the price of delivered foods.

Detalhes

  • Data do documento

    2009/07/31

  • TIpo de documento

    Documento de Trabalho

  • No. do relatório

    70797

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    América Latina,

  • Região

    América Latina e Caribe,

  • Data de divulgação

    2012/06/29

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    Logistics, transport and food prices in LAC : Policy guidance for improving efficiency and reducing costs

  • Palavras-chave

    logistics cost;food product;transport cost;food import;impact of transport cost;wheat;freight rate;Ocean Shipping;container shipping;Logistics and Transport Services;fresh fruit and vegetable;food price;economies of scale;commodity price;degree of competition;dry bulk;fats and oil;ocean freight rate;home of origin;share of import;Storage and Warehousing;mode of transportation;price of commodities;border crossing;types of cargo;ease of travel;principal component analysis;competition in service;lack of road;place of origin;expenditure on food;price to consumer;income on food;lack of regulation;daily calorie intake;average import tariff;cost of import;reduction in tariffs;customs declaration form;road haulage costs;logistics chain;general cargo;wheat flour;domestic transportation;liquid bulk;net importer;net exporter;producer price;fob price;cargo type;food retail;port efficiency;modal transfer;domestic shipping;island countries;local food;Intra-regional Trade;food trade;price difference;infrastructure endowment;ocean transportation;base year;good road;containerized cargo;transfer facility;vessel call;bulk storage;supply chain;cargo capacity;road infrastructure;infrastructure quality;household survey;liner shipping;consumption habit;transfer terminal;weighted average;consumer expenditure;government action;logistics service;return trip;perishable food;shipping network;trucking service;liner service;port transfer;inventory cost;cost elements;shipping cost;global market;cost structure;transfer cost;secondary city;primary concern;

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