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Cultural heritage and development : a framework for action in the Middle East and North Africa (Inglês)

The countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are blessed with an extraordinary cultural patrimony, secular and religious, of huge importance for each country and for humankind at large. The region is home to 48 sites already inscribed on the world heritage list maintained by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and has an enormous nonmaterial heritage as well. The Middle East is also the cradle of the world's major monotheistic religions. This cultural patrimony is a cornerstone of many people's existence and nourishes their daily lives. It must continue to flourish. This report analyzes the cultural heritage sector in the countries of the Middle East and North Africa, and the World Bank's policy and operational experiences in this sector over the past six years, 1996-2001. It has three objectives: 1) to explore the characteristics, capacities, needs, and constraints of the region's cultural sector and their relevance to overall country development; 2) to take stock, describe, and analyze the World Bank's past and current support for preservation and management of the region's cultural heritage; and 3) to extract the lessons of experience and define the strategy framework for future Bank assistance for preserving and managing the MENA region's patrimony.

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  • Autor

    Cernea, Michael M.

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  • País

    Oriente Médio e Norte da África,

  • Região

    Oriente Médio e Norte da África,

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  • Nome do documento

    Cultural heritage and development : a framework for action in the Middle East and North Africa

  • Palavras-chave

    Cultural Heritage;Cultural heritage and development;cultural heritage preservation activities;objective of poverty reduction;learning and innovation loan;cultural sector;ministries of culture;cultural patrimony;cultural heritage management;reduction of poverty;culture in development;scarce water resource;educational classroom use;lack of integration;civil society representatives;opportunities for development;source of employment;access to culture;country assistance strategy;bilateral donor agency;integrating cultural heritage;institutional development fund;ministries of tourism;population at large;Country Assistance Strategies;budgetary central government;sustainability of development;works of art;deals with culture;build heritage;cultural dimension;natural cause;cultural industrial;cultural industry;religious institution;commercial enterprise;universal value;religious affairs;mediterranean area;rural area;cultural services;Cultural Tourism;national economy;business sector;resource scarcity;political participation;public good;development thinking;non-governmental organization;public expenditure;traditional art;cultural expenditure;external support;archaeological site;development policy;institutional weakness;preventive action;natural factors;cultural enterprise;regulatory jurisdiction;relative weight;continuous change;religious entity;public education;state agency;institutional assessment;ancient tradition;natural disaster;financial sense;folk art;archaeological research;traditional music;equitable sharing;trade volume;absolute amount;organization design;cultural agencies;cultural institution;tourism business;international community;Public Goods;legal regulation;Labor Market;business environment;development perspective;Financial Sector;modern technology;institutional cooperation;tall building;cotton fabric;municipal authority;wooden objects;international demand;government fund;national gdp;budgetary implication;physical condition;religious building;religious property;residential housing;oral history;national budget;proactive policy;high humidity;positive impact;coastal area;government structure;natural processes;country variation;handicraft production;cultural pluralism;arab countries;heritage assets;souvenir shops;geographic location;stone carving;musical instrument;cultural wealth;archaeological treasures;urban space;social fabric;islamic culture;medieval history;rural landscape;dominant culture;public building;lack resource;historic monuments;cultural influence;iron age;program lending;financial problem;cultural issues;innovative solution;national resource;development paradigm;atlantic ocean;trading activity;artistic expression;cultural landscape;project intervention;policy formulation;specific asset;trade route;informal markets;artisanal product;social context;educational value;historical site;regional geography;political development;contemporary societies;productive activity;world religions;religious community;national library;cave dwellings;Donor countries;risk analysis;movable antiquities;National Institutions;governance weaknesses;public view;community-based museums;national museum;international cooperation;industrial country;administrative procedure;technical equipment;bilateral aid;functional management;international agreement;budgetary resource;development work;economic reform;modern management;nation building;ongoing work;heritage inventory;cultural activities;foreign market;daily life;social process;future bank;field visits;architectural works;social analysis;urban development;popular culture;conveyor belt;medium-size enterprise;daily living;



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