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India - Kerala Rural Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation Project : environmental assessment (Vol. 2) : Environmental analysis report (Inglês)

The Kerala Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project will achieve sustainable investments and generate health and income benefits as part of the decentralization process of the State Government of Kerala, through the implementation of development programs in relevant sectors such as water, sanitation, and health. This environmental assessment provides information on the policy, legal, and administrative framework to assess environmental adversity as a result of the project, and includes the population profile based on the 1991 Census, the water potential in the river basins of Kerala, ground water resources utilization with details of contaminated wells, bacteriological characteristics of the water supply, and sanitation coverage status in the state. Public consultations were conducted, and include issues of concern in the project design. Mitigating measures will: 1) establish scientific integrated watershed management at the micro level to enhance ground-water recharge, minimize soil erosion, and promote re-vegetation, particularly during the dry season; 2) focus on appropriate site selection to minimize hydraulic interference between existing, and new dug/bore well sources; and, 3) build weirs and barrages across the river to ensure water flows and flush off pollutants.

Detalhes

  • Autor

    Paramasivam, R., Consultant

  • Data do documento

    2000/05/30

  • TIpo de documento

    Avaliação Ambiental

  • No. do relatório

    E355

  • Nº do volume

    2

  • Total Volume(s)

    2

  • País

    Índia,

  • Região

    Sul da Ásia,

  • Data de divulgação

    2001/10/20

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    Environmental analysis report

  • Palavras-chave

    Rural Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation;rural water supply and sanitation;access to safe water supply;standard plate count;litres per capita per day;water supply and sanitation sector;scheme will;Soil and Water Conservation;rural water supply scheme;solid waste disposal system;improvements in water supply;biochemical oxygen demand;Information, Education and Communication;central water commission;rural water supply system;Land and Water Resources;water quality monitoring;water quality data;ambient water quality;water management strategy;ground water quality;surface water treatment;public water supply;drinking water scheme;water level measurement;construction phase;ground water source;water treatment plant;water quality laboratories;river basin plan;health and hygiene;analytical quality control;certificate of registration;water source protection;water quality standard;improved water supply;sustainable service delivery;grass root level;regulation of groundwater;water supply facilities;water quality testing;pumped water supply;adverse environmental impact;water resource development;waste water disposal;Environmental Management Plan;water resource availability;institutional capacity building;integrated watershed management;disposal of waste;surface water body;reduction of leakage;demand based approach;social welfare departments;Solid Waste Management;safe drinking water;fresh water resource;Science and Technology;source of pollution;fresh water availability;thermal power plant;river basin development;Oil and Gas;operation and management;rain water harvesting;construction and operation;choice of technology;development of water;river basin planning;environmental performance indicator;legislation in force;surface water source;Oil & Gas;demand for good;open well;ground water development;ground water extraction;litres per day;analysis of alternatives;sanitation and hygiene;water sample;sample collection;Sanitation Services;bore well;residual chlorine;coastal belt;dug well;financing plan;personal hygiene;Financing plans;administrative framework;drainage scheme;beneficial impact;water bodies;institutional strengthening;project rules;meteorological data;state water;tube wells;income opportunity;check dam;cost sharing;project costing;sanitation component;watershed development;source water;development study;household latrine;bacteriological analysis;coastal region;physical environment;site visits;sanitary latrine;baseline data;environmental component;secondary data;public health;rural population;coastal area;local ngo;employment opportunities;rural community;small states;nuclear fuel;paddy field;Hydel Power;agricultural crop;community contribution;fetching water;cleaner water;improved health;primary beneficiaries;flood control;community level;pollution load;future water;construction material;environmental aspect;capital replacement;employment opportunity;professional personnel;Borrowing Countries;longer life;sustainable services;Nuclear Power;heavy water;components design;pumping station;counterpart fund;village communities;commercial connection;distribution management;reservoir filling;water meter;human waste;dry season;delivery model;compost pit;piped water;gravity pipe;village ponds;counterpart funding;hand pump;construction support;beneficiary capacity;petroleum refineries;large population;beneficiary contribution;agroclimatic condition;institutional model;price contingency;natural barrier;engineering design;coastal plain;steep hill;land cover;safe disposal;soak pit;baseline cost;pollution control;monitoring network;gauging stations;sediment load;population size;chemical use;laboratory staff;coastal water;local bodies;individual household;rural area;environmental sustainability;hygiene promotion;traditional systems;community well;river bed;effective systems;irrigation technologies;institutional process;steel plant;raw material;storage batteries;water line;healthy environment;mitigation strategy;domestic waste;safe handling

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