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Substation Study on Transport and Communications : Cluj County Spatial Plan (Romeno)

The territory is organized along the transport infrastructure. The balanced development of a region or territory closely depends upon the organization of the territorial infrastructure. Thus, the territorial infrastructure becomes the backbone of a territory, where economic relations develop, and social and economic components adapt to both the natural and entropic landscape. Matter, energy, and information flows become stronger along the transport and communications corridors. Thus, they create both developed areas and areas free of economic investments, giving rise to disparities within a specific region. If available, an adequate transport infrastructure can also promote and increase social benefits (for instance, healthcare, education, access to markets and opportunities for a higher standard of living). The interventions to increase the quality and availability of the transport infrastructure and services also have a complementary impact, generating positive effects on communities (regardless of gender, age, income or existing disabilities). The transport infrastructure planning and development (road, rail and air) is subject to a number of particular factors, and should be a continuous rather than a static process, denoting a permanent adaptation and improvement of the area's features in terms of accessibility, connectivity, mobility, transfer, transit, growth poles, polarization, with key objectives such as economic development, economic efficiency, safety and sustainability (Romania's General Transport Master Plan, 2015). This process must be carried out taking into consideration, as a priority, the measures to mitigate the social risks and the active involvement of the communities in the planning and the implementation of the investment objectives.

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