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China - Household energy, indoor air pollution and health : a multisectoral intervention program in rural China (Inglês)

The study aimed to test the viability of behavioral (health education) and technological (improved stoves and better ventilation) solutions to mitigate indoor air pollution (IAP) in poor rural areas of China under real life implementation conditions. The central tenet was a multi-sectoral approach, incorporating concerns from the fields of health, energy, environment, education and poverty reduction. The project tested affordable household energy interventions designed to reduce IAP exposure. This study represents the first community-based intervention trial to have tested the combined effect of technological and behavioral IAP interventions, and their implementation in rural settings. The study measurements focused on documenting reductions in three indoor air pollutants: respirable particles, carbon monoxide (CO) and Sulfur Dioxide (SO2). It was anticipated that success in reducing IAP in these provinces would lead to significant improvements in the health of their rural populations, especially women and children, who typically are most exposed to the indoor household environment.


  • Autor

    Baris, Enis (editor), Ezzati, Majid (editor)

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    Documento de Trabalho

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  • Região

    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

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  • Nome do documento

    China - Household energy, indoor air pollution and health : a multisectoral intervention program in rural China

  • Palavras-chave

    Energy;biomass;solid fuel;Center for Disease Control;emission per unit of energy;fuel characteristic;energy sector management assistance;household energy use;rural area;education and poverty reduction;severity of the disability;leading cause of death;Clean Energy for Development;total national energy use;high levels of contamination;access to energy source;per capita income;cooking stove;rural energy supply;fruit and vegetable;high child mortality;sanitation and hygiene;vitamin a deficiency;burden of disease;Electricity;cleaner fuel;renewable energy capacity;energy use pattern;obstructive pulmonary disease;renewable energy option;alternative energy technology;public sector investment;barriers to adoption;clean energy technology;rural energy use;rural energy consumption;health and environment;children under age;price of coal;reducing child mortality;promoting gender equality;concentration of pollutant;crop residue use;oxides of sulfur;combustion of coal;death of child;estimates of emissions;per capita expenditure;foundation of knowledge;national development plan;loss of life;biomass energy use;rural energy demand;acute respiratory infection;ambient air pollution;energy consumption statistic;natural resources research;academy of science;fields of health;indoor air quality;maternal mortality rate;consumption of coal;



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