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Brazil - An analysis of environmental problems in the Amazon (Vol. 2) : Annexes (Inglês)

The purpose of this report is to contribute to the development of appropriate and effective environmental policies for the Amazon. Appropriate policies must be based on a correct diagnosis of the causes, nature, and magnitude of the environmental problem. Effective policies must realistically recognize the political and economic constraints facing implementation. This report describes the current state of deforestation, including its location, level, and rate, and reviews its underlying causes. Deforestation is, however, of interest only because it is an indicator of potential environmental problems, including species loss, global warming, local watershed damage, and microclimatic change, which are also described briefly. It discusses the most important types of economic activity in the Amazon, and their environmental implications. Some of these activities are a direct response to government policies and public investments, but others would be carried out without them. Future government policy must therefore clearly identify the strength of the forces underlying economic development in the Amazon. Finally, the report discusses the major economic and political factors governing the policy environment for the Amazon, and suggests an environmental strategy that addresses environmental objectives in light of the existing political and economic constraints.


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    Relatório Econômico ou Setorial Pré-2003

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    América Latina e Caribe,

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    urbanization;urban population;rural population;pace of population growth;urban population growth rates;short period of time;net migration;frontier area;access to land;land use zoning;economies of scale;economies of agglomeration;small cities;urban growth;sale of land;data on migrants;high growth rate;lack of resource;risk of contamination;sources of water;effects of poverty;water and sewage;durable consumer good;concentration of land;area of origin;trend in migration;land for agriculture;cash crop production;destination of migrant;food crop production;construction of dam;lack of infrastructure;productivity of land;public sector employment;demand for labor;improvement of road;pattern of settlement;stages of migration;place of origin;rural economic activity;large metropolitan areas;pattern of migration;rapid population growth;natural population increase;composition of migration;impact on migration;consumption pattern;rural activity;social dimension;frontier region;modern technology;urban residence;tropical forest;Mining;potential migrant;frontier migration;rural area;local economy;small farmer;agricultural activity;Natural Resources;political factor;urban network;agricultural frontier;field observation;Brain Drain;field interviews;Public Services;city government;fiscal incentive;urban-urban migration;urban resident;return migration;rural worker;modern agriculture;environmental consequence;public policy;land reform;economic crisis;fertility decline;consumer goods;political will;agricultural production;military regime;census data;productive activity;charcoal production;pig iron;public finance;agricultural settlement;social reasons;natural growth;demographic trend;urban life;economic infrastructure;construction site;free port;Agricultural Technology;demographic concentration;genetic technology;production cost;personal communication;field work;industrial location;agricultural labor;bus line;social network;stable communities;boom-bust cycle;small farming;paved road;population mobility;solving problem;social process;seasonal basis;macroeconomic condition;informal sector;spatial distribution;private investment;Urban Capital;official population;state capital;social transformation;rural family;rural males;male population;rainy season;personal information;timber resource;equipment maintenance;mineral deposit;social infrastructure;agricultural modernization;world market;large population;large enterprise;principal component;Rain forest;domestic demand;world demand;fertility transition;urban migrant;international pressure;open access;asian forest;environmental legislation;rural migration;land settlement;skewed distribution;working class;tax revenue;vulnerable group;farming practice;financial investment;transport cost;state agency;fixed investment;vested interests;municipal administration;relative weight;urban consumer;rapid change;local population;peripheral area;political actor;metropolitan region;regional population;demographic dynamic;local policy;political scenario;massive investment;educated groups;wood production;price support;transportation subsidy;improved land;native population;large-scale mining;extractive reserve;health problem;mercury contamination;Mining Policy;extractive economy;constitutional provision;environmental damage;perennial crop;company town;credit market;local monopoly;population size;consumer need;forestry plantation;Agrarian Reform;lumber industry;environmental problem;human population;common sense;population pressure;settlement policy;agricultural zone;cattle raising;information sources;cadastre system;life history;water quality;animal species;hydroelectric development;pollution problem;mining activity;iron ore;agriculture system;population concentration;intense rainfall;rural-urban migration;survey data;plastic sheeting;qualified migrants;urban periphery;social change;agricultural occupation;migration trend;porous soil;population estimate;central regions;migrant flow;data indicator;net immigration



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