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Labor market and social insurance policy in India : a case of losing on both competitiveness and caring (Inglês)

This paper examines social development in India over the last fifty years, stipulating it has suffered from three fatal flaws in the Nehruvian vision that set the tone for policies in this period. These were: 1) reliance on the Soviet model of heavy industry-oriented, and inward-looking development policy; 2) adoption of the Anglo-American concept of the "welfare state"; and, 3) the Indian/colonial feudal tradition of creating, and maintaining distance between the ruling elite, and the public. The first flaw led to a low-growth economy, while the second resulted in ambitious welfare objectives, beyond the state's capacity for implementation. The third encouraged hypocrisy on the part of the ruling class, and cynicism on the part of the masses. Taken together, these tendencies rendered the Indian economy non-competitive, and society "non-caring".


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    Agarwala, Ramgopal Dad Khan, Zafar

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    Labor market and social insurance policy in India : a case of losing on both competitiveness and caring

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    Food for Work Program;integrated rural development;Ministry for Rural Development;provision of health service;small farmer;pay as you go;cross-country comparison;number of workers;State Bank of India;social insurance;pension scheme;minimum wage;rural area;trade union activity;Medical care;employment generation;per capita income;capacity for implementation;social security law;years of service;Labor Market;public health system;productivity of land;child care facility;effect of drought;rate of inflation;rate of growth;rate of investment;gross domestic product;drinking water facility;grass root level;rapid export growth;Public Sector Units;barrier to entry;rates of return;entitlement to pension;source income;Public Sector Undertakings;cost of treatment;public sector official;deployment of workers;loss of work;source of income;central government department;settlement of dispute;life insurance policy;social security provisions;informal sector worker;labor management relation;average daily wage;real wage rate;manual for regulators;maintenance of building;employment assurance scheme;maintenance of road;cost to consumer;lack of competitiveness;machinery and equipment;private sector activity;minimal social security;social welfare program;labor market policy;provident fund;health security;welfare state;old-age security;compensation payment;heavy industry;productive asset;job security;family living;agricultural laborer;employment injury;employment injuries;voluntary retirement;high wage;industrial relation;redundant labor;industrial restructuring;employment opportunities;employment security;ruling class;annual leave;monthly wage;trade unionism;employment policy;Employment Policies;reality check;employment opportunity;unemployed youth;wage employment;labor relation;community asset;small industry;government legislation;civil works;actuarial soundness;scarcity condition;large enterprise;adequate infrastructure;time bomb;increasing wage;integrated development;low-income neighborhood;technical expert;Job Creation;financial viability;urban poor;labor redundancy;nonviable enterprise;multiple cropping;adult employment;intensive agriculture;living wage;government subsidy;important component;supplementary budget;oil field;budgetary allocation;continuous service;subsidiary activity;drought-prone area;market force;historical circumstances;free access;hospital system;ecological balance;factory worker;designing policy;foreign investor;infrastructure facility;pasture development;Economic Policy;industrial employment;rural woman;spatial dimension;agricultural worker;bonded labor;rural youth;living standard;financial distress;employer liability;Higher Education;contract labor;workplace injury;market process;world competition;paid worker;poverty alleviation;accelerating growth;trade restriction;defined benefit;income disparity;comparable data;legal infrastructure;financial infrastructure;unskilled worker;market wage;export performance;annual wage;gainful employment;scholarly purpose;global bank;institutional mechanism;budgetary outlay;Transition economies;transition economy;management experience;labor rationalization;bilateral aid;privatized utility;budget period;economic administration;selective intervention;laissez faire;colonial period;colonial era;distinct phase;technological modernization;model try;pension system;social need;state action;social policies;social policy;steel mill;domestic saving;state activity;structural adjustment;development policy;export orientation;industrial sector;amount due;civic partnerships;invalidity benefit;political environment;placement service;affected worker;industrial enterprise;interest subsidy;survivor benefit;medical leave;soft loan;free treatment;work contracts;casual laborers;government hospital;maximum period;disability period;fair settlement;economic reform;labor strike;industrial dispute;secured creditor;small fraction;political party;political parties;communist movement;public support;liberalization program



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