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Modernization of Meteorological Services in Japan and Lessons for Developing Countries (Inglês)

Japan is an island arc country located in the northwest of the Pacific Rim. In light of Japan’s geographical and climatological features, the country’s natural hazards comprise weather, climate, ocean, and seismic-related hazards. Through the extensive efforts of the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) and its collaborating authorities in improving early warning and disaster management systems and in raising public awareness, the damage caused by natural disasters and the impacts on socio-economic activities have been significantly reduced. The modernization of meteorological services in Japan has been achieved step by step in accordance with the evolution of JMA operational services through strategic investments in service delivery improvement to meet evolving and diversifying societal needs. JMA, in collaboration with the relevant authorities, provides operational early warning services in order to reduce the risks from multiple natural hazards. The lessons learned in Japan in the modernization of meteorological services and the experiences in international programs and projects can be utilized as comprehensive strategic guidance for developing countries.


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    Suwa,Makoto, Siercke,Guillermo A., Campbell,Jack

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    Modernization of Meteorological Services in Japan and Lessons for Developing Countries

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    meteorological service;early warning;international foundation;information and communication technology;human resource development;disaster management system;Science and Technology;volcanic eruption;mass media;process of modernization;open data policy;national meteorological service;development of infrastructure;capacity development activity;transmission of data;severe weather events;intergovernmental oceanographic commission;national weather service;service delivery improvement;local government authority;number of casualties;years of service;safety of transport;quality of product;Disaster Risk Reduction;central government authority;minister of state;warning service;natural disaster;institutional framework;international cooperation;storm surge;heavy rain;natural hazard;societal need;weather map;service company;operational service;meteorological instrument;authorized body;public awareness;volcanic activity;meteorological satellite;aviation community;weather services;weather forecast;meteorological information;flood management;ocean wave;international communications;Public-Private Partnership;warning area;remote control;user requirements;daily weather;collaborative effort;warning system;shipping community;adaptive capacity;legal framework;data exchange;national authority;global environment;international community;emergency warning;international programs;ground motion;heat wave;networking development;technical standard;operational systems;commercial service;accurate information;weather reports;public law;power corporation;sea level;small area;flood warning;recovery effort;organizational structure;business support;observational data;high pressure;monitoring network;database development;inland sea;world weather;commercial activity;private service;volcanic ash;municipality level;air traffic;upper right;state budget;climatic extremes;daily life;ozone layer;government system;rainy season;geographical location;precipitation amount;accurate forecast;flood vulnerability;assessment mechanism;public concern;weather station;observation network;road transport;national research;local public;weather forecasters;continuous assessment;catastrophic event;Marine Pollution;institutional foundation;information network;surface weather;Public Services;strategic guidance;long-term strategy;Business Continuity;strategic investment;donor community;Natural Event;strategic management;ocean current;Management Systems;research institute;academic community;research facility;environment monitoring;bulletin board;water service;Water Services;data processing;crisis management;earthquake observation;investment design;acquisition system;weather radar;Radio Transmission;system improvement;digital process;



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