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Trends in agricultural diversification : regional perspectives (Inglês)

Policymakers and agricultural planners are increasingly focusing on agricultural diversification as a strategy to promote agricultural development because it offers opportunities to reduce production and price risks, increase flexibility, increase agricultural incomes, and sustain productivity and growth. Although attention to the dialectical relationship between diversification and specialization is not new, concern about diversification has recently intensified because of major developments in the agricultural sector in many developing countries, particularly Asia. This paper first reviews these developments and some of their implications. Then, it discusses the dimensions of diversification and its role in advancing agriculture in developing countries. Finally, policy reforms, essential components of future agricultural development strategies, are proposed. The paper's theme is the desirability of introducing greater flexibility into farming systems and of broadening the basis of the rural economy in general.

Detalhes

  • Autor

    Barghouti, Shawki Garbus, Lisa Umali, Dina [editors]

  • Data do documento

    1992/08/31

  • TIpo de documento

    Publicação

  • No. do relatório

    WTP180

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

    Sul da Ásia,

  • Região

    Leste Asiático e Pacífico, Sul da Ásia,

  • Data de divulgação

    2010/07/01

  • Nome do documento

    Trends in agricultural diversification : regional perspectives

  • Palavras-chave

    contribution to production;Agriculture;farmer;Crop;agricultural diversification;agricultural sector;rice crop;per capita income;inefficient allocation of resource;satellite remote sensing;average per capita income;per capita farm income;efficient use of resource;crop diversification;rural income;world market;source of income;efficient resource allocation;source income;green manure crop;water use efficiency;rice production;scarce water resource;national research institution;process of diversification;production of rice;irrigation water supply;world food production;high water requirements;limited water supply;newly industrializing country;cost of water;national agricultural research;Integrated Pest Management;flow of migrants;industrial work force;forage for livestock;urban labor market;rural landless laborers;efficient land use;private sector activity;domestic food security;protection of farmer;water storage reservoir;cost to consumer;income of farmers;world market price;agricultural raw material;standard of living;structure of production;agricultural labor force;rise and fall;direct government intervention;traditional farming system;wildlife resource management;source of forage;production of maize;rice price;alternative crop;crop-livestock system;basic food;commodity price;agricultural production;production system;upland rice;budgetary cost;urban income;environmental degradation;rural economy;land preparation;agricultural commodity;rural area;irrigation system;lowland rice;crop establishment;rice area;agriculture system;agricultural economy;comparative advantage;world rice;cereal production;rice farmer;Water Management;early flood;price decline;production practice;rice field;flood irrigation;irrigation technologies;export market;labor productivity;world price;export crop;rice yield;single crop;diversified cropping;crop production;food self-sufficiency;staple food;Export Diversification;soil loss;drought stress;hydraulic conductivity;cropping pattern;annual crop;technological aspect;foreign exchange;agricultural performance;Environmental Assessment;urban job;yield increase;technological change;income source;production growth;successful country;agricultural output;agricultural worker;powdery mildew;dutch disease;industrial sector;market constraint;average result;rice variety;commodity production;regional context;intensive cropping;high rainfall;soil chemistry;consumer demand;dry condition;individual farmer;adverse consequence;baseline survey;production pattern;crop substitution;root crop;high humidity;high share;rural labor;equal distribution;rural population;product market;flood control;rural productivity;rural ones;local consumption;livestock product;extension worker;social unrest;poor farming;Communications Network;oil price;technical department;real income;capital-intensive industrialization;income diversification;trade orientation;export opportunity;export opportunities;government development;income elasticity;food grain;grain production;grain supply;off-farm employment;cereal market;budgetary allocation;real value;know how;market structure;pricing policy;price return;water availability;dry season;dry weight;water conservation;food staple;soil temperature;employment growth;heavy burden;income growth;conserve water;private market;good road;processed fruits;domestic economy;urban agricultural policy;commodity crop;deep tillage;environmental health;yield loss;high frequency;tree crop;dam safety;important policy;small-scale farmer;private interest;clay content;flood hazard;institutional aspect;production risk;high-yielding variety;technological improvement;level of policy;farmer adjustments;water delivery;water loss;water distribution;rocky soils;steep slope;agricultural growth;technological advancement;agricultural market;wheat variety;agricultural planner;public policy;crop irrigation;national economy;irrigated area;farm sector;farm economy;farm activity;farm activities;rural employment;root zone;shallow groundwater

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