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Can conditional cash transfer programs play a greater role in reducing child undernutrition (Inglês)

The paper attempts to answer the following questions: how can conditional cash transfer (CCTs) be better designed, coordinated, and leveraged to increase their impact on child undernutrition? How can best practices from nutrition interventions be applied to ensure maximum CCT impact on child undernutrition? What are the key issues affecting the potential for CCTs to become an effective tool in nutrition policy and programming? The paper is organized as follows: section two defines undernutrition and discusses the magnitude of the problem, implications for long-term human capital development, and how and when to intervene. Section three describes CCT programs, including conceptual foundations for applying conditionality's, the position of CCTs in the current development paradigm, and reasons for their widespread popularity. Section four develops a rationale for using CCTs as one of a set of tools to improve nutritional status. Section five compares the design, implementation, and impacts of CCTs in five Latin American countries (Brazil, Colombia, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Mexico). Section six explores how best practices in nutrition could inform CCT design and section seven introduces redesigned and emerging CCTs focusing on nutrition. Section eight examines some of the key issues surrounding the use of CCTs for nutrition policy, including program eligibility and benefit duration, the use of conditionality's, supply-side investments, the cost and cost effectiveness of these efforts, and institutional roles and coordination. Section nine concludes with recommendations and suggestions for further research.


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    Bassett, Lucy;

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    Can conditional cash transfer programs play a greater role in reducing child undernutrition?

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    conditional cash transfer program;access to schooling for girls;Demographic and Health Survey;impact on child;health and nutrition education;agency for international development;millennium development goal;infant and young child;women of childbearing age;global burden of disease;nutrition policy and programming;nutritional status;Undernutrition;pregnant woman;nutrition intervention;education and health;child growth monitoring;behavior change communication;human capital development;maternal and child;demand for service;human capital investment;maternal nutritional status;vitamin a deficiency;conditionality;social protection strategy;Poverty & Inequality;adverse health outcomes;social protection initiative;susceptibility to infection;height for age;share of resource;nationally representative survey;empowerment of woman;weight for age;experience of poverty;growth and development;likelihood of infection;fruit and vegetable;acute food shortage;social protection program;children's health care;extremely poor household;expenditure on food;interventions during pregnancy;health care cost;socially optimal level;population at large;impact on health;child nutritional status;majority of children;number of beneficiaries;children at home;prior to marriage;Oral rehydration therapies;mothers with children;national economic growth;young child feeding;severely malnourished children;provision of food;deaths among children;high dropout rate;years of schooling;micronutrient deficiency;beneficiary child;cognitive development;nutritional supplement;dietary diversity;material resource;healthy child;iodine deficiency;maternal undernutrition;complementary feeding;child stunting;opportunity cost;Health Service;health check;nutritional outcome;children's nutrition;behavioral change;program conditionality;zinc deficiency;micronutrient supplements;nutritional supplementation;reduced work;nutrition service;negative feedback;poor health;immune system;mental retardation;Child Mortality;school enrollment;behavioral requirement;educational outcome;nutrition program;Program of Activities;positive impact;micronutrient interventions;weight gain;stunted child;poor child;Child development;hygiene practice;children of ages;disease burden;Political Economy;evaluation result;physical growth;improved health;intergenerational transfer;resource constraint;health clinic;positive externality;administrative capacity;cash payment;cumulative effect;health clinics;food supplement;



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