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Zambia poverty assessment : stagnant poverty and inequality in a natural resource-based economy (Inglês)

As in many countries throughout Sub-Saharan Africa and around the developing world, poverty in Zambia is overwhelmingly a rural phenomenon. In 2010 the moderate poverty rate in rural areas was 74 percent, more than double the urban poverty rate of 35 percent. The economic growth continued throughout the decade, reaching an impressive annual average of 5.7 percent, and by 2011 the World Bank recognized Zambia as a middle-income country. Rising incomes have been densely concentrated among a relatively small segment of the urban workforce, while extremely high urban unemployment rates effectively block the rural labor force from participating in the country's more dynamic economic sectors, a phenomenon that is discussed in detail in this analysis. The principal challenge faced by Zambian policymakers and the international donor community will be to extend the returns to growth throughout the country and especially to the rural poor. Marginal improvements in economic and social indicators can be accomplished through targeted interventions in the rural economy, but enduring, structural income growth and the widespread reduction of poverty will only be achievable through broad-based employment creation in the urban industrial and service sectors. This report is organized as follows: chapter one discusses poverty and inequality; chapter two gives poverty profile; chapter three discusses labor market, employment, and wages; and chapter four focuses on poverty and social spending.


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    Zambia poverty assessment : stagnant poverty and inequality in a natural resource-based economy

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    millennium development goal;rural area;rural economy;diversification of production and exports;urban economy;urban sector;urban unemployment;urban informal sector;rural labor force;social safety net program;nutritional status of child;economic impact of population;access to basic service;Rural Poor;expenditure per student;rural poverty rate;high unemployment rate;public education;agricultural support;agricultural sector;number of workers;rural informal sector;concentration of poverty;Mobility of labor;national poverty rate;extreme poverty rates;maize production;social spending;rural income;moderate poverty;public health;small fraction;income growth;social indicator;agricultural production;access to investment;urban labor market;labor market analysis;share of benefit;urban labor force;provision of service;basic social service;impact on poverty;employment and unemployment;term of data;foreign direct investment;competitive labor market;public assistance program;returns to scale;economic growth rate;reduction in poverty;average exchange rate;reduction of poverty;agricultural extension service;reallocation of resource;child mortality rate;quality of governance;Poverty & Inequality;characteristic of poverty;social welfare spending;conditional cash transfer;unpaid family worker;Social Safety Nets;public external debt;rural labor market;form of treatment;international donor community;highly skilled worker;source of food;hiv prevalence rate;formal sector worker;extreme poverty line;analysis of poverty;rural development strategy;rural development policy;rural service provision;high poverty rate;poverty gap index;increase in income;expanding employment opportunity;public health system;rural poverty trend;Benefits of Education;correlates of poverty;



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