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Labor market prospects of public employees in Brazil : an empirical evaluation (Inglês)

This paper attempts to answer the following questions: What is the composition of employment in Brazilian public sector? How difficult would it be for a worker displaced from the public sector to find a similar job in the private sector? And how does the cost of adjustment vary with the type of worker displaced? The paper examines employment and average earnings in the private and public sectors, the growth of the public sector wage bill in recent years, and the wage premium earned by public workers over their private sector counterparts. It also examines public-private differences in other job characteristics, primarily job security. Finally, it provides imputations of differences in pension levels and duration for public servants and private sector workers. This paper has three interrelated parts. The first constructs the profile of employment in the public sector and documents private and public employment in a representative sample of states, by type of workers. The second estimates the wage gap between public and private employment by type of worker and labor market characteristic. The third and final part is devoted to investigating other dimensions of the labor market, especially the aspect of permanency of jobs. A statistical annex contains detailed tables.




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