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India - Building local capacity for pro-poor development in Tamil Nadu (Inglês)

India amended its constitution in the early 1990s to strengthen decentralization and local governance, and all Indian states, including Tamil Nadu, has subsequently reinforced their commitment to decentralization through State Panchayat (village community governance) acts. However, much remains to be done to build the capacity of Panchayats, which are by-passed by most government programs. The Government of Tamil Nadu state has implemented a series of reforms to develop stronger and more inclusive Panchayats. The Japan Social Development Fund (JSDF) project supported this effort by piloting a new way to deliver basic services to the rural poor by shifting from the traditional use of government agencies or non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to one where the Panchayats are in the driver's seat. The project drew on experience elsewhere in India and abroad, which demonstrated that decentralized systems could provide better and more rapid benefits to the poor and most vulnerable.

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