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Environmental health and child survival : epidemiology, economics, experiences (Inglês)

This report complements Repositioning Nutrition as Central to Development by looking at environmental health issues that affect child health broadly, while also exploring the links through malnutrition. This report argues that environmental health interventions are preventive measures that are imperative to improve child survival with sustainable results in the long term. Preventive measures, such as improving environmental conditions are effective in reducing a child's exposure to a disease agent and thereby averting infection. The overall aim of this report is to provide information to decision-makers on the optimal design of policies to help reduce premature deaths and illness in children under five years of age. To protect the health, development, and wellbeing of young children, decision-makers must identify and reduce environmental risk factors by providing appropriate interventions that prevent and diminish exposures. This study is intended to advance the understanding of what those risk factors are, when and how to reduce children's exposure to them, and how to mitigate their consequent health impact.


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    Acharya, Anjali; Paunio, Mikko K.;

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    Regiões Mundiais,

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  • Nome do documento

    Environmental health and child survival : epidemiology, economics, experiences

  • Palavras-chave

    environmental health;integrated management of childhood illness;lack of water and sanitation;access to safe drinking water;Demographic and Health Survey;environmental risk factor;global burden of disease;environmental health interventions;burden of disease estimate;Maternal and Child Mortality;Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome;infant and young child;acute respiratory infection;indoor air pollution;nutritional status;environmental health risk;Child Health;weight for age;child survival;environmental health issues;environmental health burden;height for age;access to water;risk of death;environment and development;lack of food;malnutrition in children;environmental health problem;exposure to smoke;strategic environmental assessment;loss of appetite;lack of availability;resource allocation decision;effect of disease;immune pregnant women;public health risk;malaria vector control;risk of malaria;allocation of resource;formulation of strategies;improper feeding practices;public health activity;ministries of environment;availability of drug;disease transmission pathway;environmental health impact;impact of disease;school dropout rate;design of policy;majority of children;cases of diarrhea;environmentally induced diseases;poor sanitary conditions;environmental management program;universal primary education;adequate water resource;mental health programs;Water Resource Management;children's nutritional status;loss of water;susceptibility to infection;child survival program;Human Immunodeficiency Virus;Natural Resource Management;cohort study;environmental condition;diarrheal disease;environmental factor;inadequate water;malnourished child;Early childhood;Infectious Disease;pregnant woman;solid fuel;vicious cycle;community level;relative risk;contaminated water;poor water;inadequate sanitation;malaria infection;



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