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Gambia, The - Fragility risk and resilience assessment (Inglês)

This analysis explores the causes of state fragility in The Gambia and identifies priority policy actions to bolster macroeconomic stability and reinforce the resilience of public institutions. In countries in fragile situations, a carefully targeted engagement strategy can have a transformative impact, and appropriate external assistance can mark the difference between the restoration of a functional public sector and a descent into a vicious cycle of institutional failure and conflict. Given the pivotal importance of engagement in countries in fragile situations, the African Development Bank (AfDB) and the World Bank’s Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management Global Practice (MFM-GP) are striving to better understand the factors driving fragility in The Gambia and formulate a strategic approach to policy support, development programming, and project design that reflects the country’s unique political, economic, and institutional circumstances. This report is the product of a collaboration between the MFM-GP and the AfDB’s Transition Support Department. The analysis was undertaken at a particularly critical moment in The Gambia’s history, as the 22-year rule of former President Yahya Jammeh gives way to the democratically elected administration of President Adama Barrow. The new government has struggled to address the political, social, and economic turbulence generated by the transition, by a legacy of mismanagement, and by climatic shocks. The World Bank and AfDB teams conducted a joint Fragility and Resilience Mission in Banjul and Dakar between February 24 and March 9, 2017. The mission’s objective was to evaluate the rapidly evolving political and economic situation in the aftermath of the presidential election and to discuss with government and civil-society stakeholders the issues identified in previous analyses. The mission findings formed the basis for a comprehensive assessment of political, social, and economic dynamics in The Gambia, including its external and domestic vulnerabilities, the capacity limitations of its public sector, potential sources of conflict, and priority areas for engagement by the international development community.


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    Kemayou, Emile, Tall,Hadja, Geli,Patricia, De Tommaso,Giulio, Lothrop,Sean Craig

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    Gambia, The - Fragility risk and resilience assessment

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    Country Policy and Institutional Assessment;access to international financial market;Gross National Income Per Capita;freedom of the press;access to international market;gdp growth rate;weak public institution;access to land;development partner;legislative election;budget support operations;international financial institution;Development Policy Financing;national poverty rate;access to capital;balance of power;unemployed young people;threat of terrorism;net domestic borrowing;domestic financial sector;primary health care;human rights abuse;career civil servant;adverse weather conditions;rapid population growth;Public Financial Management;public debt burden;traditional power structures;freedom of religion;political patronage system;world health organization;Check and Balances;macroeconomic and fiscal;quality of governance;quality of public;international development partner;human capital stock;per capita income;law enforcement agencies;commercial sexual exploitation;international development community;severe resource constraints;freedom of expression;institutional reform agenda;distribution of return;central government budget;balance of payment;loss of confidence;national development plan;signs of recovery;civil society group;Fragile Situations;external assistance;executive branch;tourism industry;political crisis;ethnic group;large-scale emigration;political instability;political parties;political party;limited capacity;political situation;political transition;Armed Forces;rural area;public security;political power;social cohesion;fiscal position;Macroeconomic Stability;rural-urban migration;security service;terrorist attack;security forces;democratic institution;debt dynamic;external support;tourism sector;demographic change;minority leader;financial resource;fiscal stability;agricultural output;organized crime;political environment;widespread corruption;Economic Policy;democratic process;criminal organization;drug trafficker;political figure;Sex Trafficking;historical context;economic equilibrium;institutional dysfunction;incentive structure;political landscape;rainfall pattern;administrative complexity;political purge;food production;foreign exchange;remittance income;small farming;marketable surplus;domestic food;food insecurity;forced labor;political commitment;social dynamic;narcotics traffic;chief justice;small country;Natural Resources;institutional relationship;global economy;irrigation network;core functions;vicious cycle;institutional failure;international reserve;political equilibrium;long-term process;democratization process;public outreach;legal system;expenditure efficiency;parliamentary rule;good governance;public resource;lack experience;political advocacy;unequal access;Public Goods;productive factor;investigative journalism;anticorruption commission;inclusive growth;systemic reform;public expectation;public oversight;social program;enforcement process;credible institution;oversight mechanism;reputational risk;political institution;interest group;legislative branch;Military Post;court judges;political agenda;legislative activity;national identity;public-service delivery;agricultural season;unemployment rate;security policy;opposition party;government's capacity;economic sector;primary source;minority group;property right;religious tension;Public Infrastructure;State Security;unequal country;political pressure;Conflict Prevention;popular support;transition period;autocratic government;essential services;Public Services;corrupt official;anticorruption strategy;combating corruption;financial flow;land title;import license;analytical process;capacity limitation;raise awareness;social issue;gender equity;regulatory structure;professional training;business permit;Social Protection;media coverage;democratic society;demographic dynamic;contextual factor;public finance;independent media;public official;strategic approach;reform process;government's relationship;climatic shocks;paramilitary group;standard procedure



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