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Mobile metropolises - An IEG evaluation of the World Bank’s Group support for urban transport (Approach Paper) (Inglês)

Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) Three-Phase Evaluation on Climate Change studied the World Bank Group’s efforts for dealing with climate change. The first phase report assessed the World Bank’s experience with key win- win policies in the energy sector policies that combine gains at the country level with globally beneficial greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions. It examined removal of energy subsidies and promotion of end-user energy efficiency recognizing that urban management is among the areas where cross-sectoral collaboration is essential to promoting win-win policies and programs to address climate change issues. The second phase report (chapter four) specifically discussed the challenge of promoting low-emissions urban transportation that was illustrated through a detailed examination of bus rapid transit, which ties together the issues of modal shift, fuel shift, and land use that are central to a city’s transport footprint. The report concluded that Based Rapid Transit Systems (BRTSs) could be a contributing component in the construction of efficient cities with low carbon footprints, if they are able to retain their share of passenger trips; larger, sustainable long-run gains would require demand-side management of traffic and rational land use planning. The third phase study finds that longlived, inflexible infrastructure projects are often subject to climate risk, but the Bank Group lacks procedures for identifying and mitigating these risks, and climate models have proved less useful than hoped for in identifying adaptation options, suggesting the need for more attention to decision making under extreme uncertainty.

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