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Levels of poverty : policy and change (Inglês)

This paper presents an overview of poverty, changes in poverty over time, and some of the causes of these changes. It opens with a discussion of various concepts of poverty, paying particular attention to recent controversy over nutitional norms and to the debate on whether poverty should be measured by such results as life expectancy or by such inputs as income. The comparative success of a wide range of countries in reducing poverty is then assessed, and a detailed examination is made of selected countries; South Korea, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tanzania, and Yugoslavia. Particular attention is given to the causes of success and to the difficulties of drawing lessons from success stories. The paper then focuses on extreme causes of poverty, such as the famines in Bangladesh and Ethiopia in the first part of the 1970s. It concludes with a hypothetical dialogue on policy between the author and a developing-country finance minister.

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