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Forced displacement of and potential solutions for Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and refugees in the Sahel - Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger (Vol. 2) (Inglês)

The Sahel region has seen the forcible displacement of more than million persons as a result of conflict. Tackling displacement in the Sahel is critical for both poverty alleviation and stabilization, and only a development response will be adequate to the task. A development response to forced displacement in the Sahel requires a regional approach. Such an approach would have the benefits of being able to overcome challenges relating to cross-border movements, obtain commitments by host governments to support the prospects of displaced from neighboring countries, and facilitate common approaches, shared conceptualization and learning. The purpose of this scoping study on forced displacement is to contribute towards the formulation of a regional policy framework for sustainable solutions to displacement and towards the substantiation of a development response. The main challenges for the displaced populations include: i) livelihoods; ii) relations with host communities; iii) cohesion; iv) depletion of services; and v) governance. Measures to be taken to address the needs of these communities are: 1) improving the monitoring of population movement and knowledge on the locations, profiles and needs of the displaced, their host and return communities; 2) ensuring that the displaced and those affected by them can benefit from ongoing wider development investments in the region by designing 'displacement-sensitive' interventions; 3) strengthening services in affected areas through targeted regional investment programs; 4) employment creation and livelihood generation for those displaced; 5) delivering resources for the displaced in such a way that important outcomes are achieved; and 6) exploring the creative use of new technologies to extent information and development benefits to the displaced.

Detalhes

  • Data do documento

    2013/10/01

  • TIpo de documento

    Documento de Trabalho

  • No. do relatório

    83933

  • Nº do volume

    2

  • Total Volume(s)

    2

  • País

    África,

  • Região

    África,

  • Data de divulgação

    2014/01/13

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    Forced displacement of and potential solutions for Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and refugees in the Sahel - Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger

  • Palavras-chave

    forced displacement;place of origin;victims of human trafficking;Land and Water Resources;rural to urban migration;access to water source;Displaced Population;influx of refugees;area of origin;loss of livestock;incentives for governments;return of refugee;Internally Displaced Person;division of labor;long term development;communities of origin;loss of asset;freedom of movement;Rule of Law;extreme weather patterns;regional investment program;country of origin;cost housing;cost of housing;delivery of service;family and friends;total displaced population;lack of legitimacy;absence of violence;access to land;disincentives for return;land use practice;early warning system;high youth unemployment;impact of conflict;support from community;children at risk;Host Communities;population movement;livelihood opportunity;Political Economy;refugee population;ethnic group;return migrant;sustainable solution;host families;ethnic line;migratory pattern;regional policy;humanitarian response;food crisis;internal displacement;transhumant pastoralists;nomadic pastoralist;military operation;agricultural activity;productive asset;contextual factor;global experience;international actor;large population;humanitarian support;host population;limited resources;displaced people;ethnic differences;social tension;strategic development;social cohesion;affected persons;livelihood improvement;international border;rapid urbanization;peace process;security forces;grazing area;extremist group;political settlement;poverty alleviation;enhanced security;armed struggle;development thinking;agricultural output;birth certificate;legal norm;identity documents;african farmer;water control;largest groups;government representative;scarce resource;social difference;legal framework;african farming;refugee status;peace agreement;ethnic background;regional collaboration;humanitarian assistance;diaspora community;political instability;spatial patterns;adult male;female head;individual characteristic;family ties;global policy;adverse outcomes;food price;cross-border movement;Natural Resources;ethnic balance;minority areas;demographic growth;food insecurity;human capital;ethnic divide;refugee situation;Health Service;ongoing conflicts;public education;legal commitment;voluntary repatriation;lost land;land conflicts;humanitarian agency;agricultural land;drought cycle;milk availability;vulnerable household;migration issues;ethnic diversity;supplemental feeding;grazing land;livestock keeper;small children;refugee camp;mass migration;Health Workers;educational service;Conflict Resolution;political conflict;political issue;political will;political progress;socio-economic context;employment creation;national boundary;negotiated settlement;political affiliation;urban setting;territorial dispute;vulnerable group;environmental stressors;economic migrant;mass violence;environmental characteristic;target beneficiary;economic migration;political dynamic;climatic variation;seasonal pattern;resource availability;trade route;migrant worker;governance issue;militant group;traditional community;anecdotal evidence;socio-economic status;alternative livelihood;rebel group;shared learning;socio-economic factor;ethnic composition;Armed Conflict;agricultural season;armed violence;traditional migration;affected population;traditional pattern;pasture land;cyclical movement;social contribution;population size;extreme poverty;dynamic process;criminal activity;living condition;displacement crisis;traditional structures;research scientist;adequate services;humanitarian crisis;crossing border;cattle breeding;

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