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China - Shanxi Gas Utilization Project : environmental assessment (Vol. 3) : Environmental and social impact assessment : executive summary (Inglês)

The development objectives of the Shanxi Gas Utilization Project for China is to improve gas penetration and utilization rates, replace coal with gas, and thus reduce air pollutant emission in Shanxi Province. Negative impacts include: noise and waste gas emission standards, occupational health, domestic waste, traffic safety, construction wastes, ambient air quality, acid deposition, water pollution, and soil erosion. Mitigation measures include: 1) perform the operation according to the construction specifications strictly and prohibit rough and barbaric construction; 2) whenever possible, make use of gravity flow in water treatment process design to save energy and reduce consumption; 3) reasonably set temporary spoil ground to avoid water and soil erosion; 4) reasonably select routes to avoid places where residents and business concentrate; 5) avoid simultaneous operation of high-noise equipment. Prohibit pile driver operations during night time; 6) reasonably arrange the construction site, keep noise equipment away from sensitive targets, and avoid placing many dynamical machines at one place; 7) whenever possible, use advanced low-noise equipment, provide regular repair and maintenance, and keep the machines lubricated to prevent mechanical noise due to poor equipment performance and reduce impacts on environmentally sensitive points; 8) keep dust-proof screens which are not lower than 1.8m around construction sites, regularly check them, and timely mend the damages, if any; 9) prevent pollution of material leakage at material warehouses and temporary material yards; 10) sprinkling is the commonest control method and the effects vary with sprinkling frequency. Generally, an effective sprinkling plan and reduce over 50 percent of fugitive dust; 11) cover materials on the vehicles tightly using tarpaulin when transporting materials with open vehicles to prevent materials from drifting away, and prevent air-borne dust during transportation; 12) kitchen wastewater shall be treated at oil separation tank and then go to the collecting tank; 13) waste welding joints shall be collected in a centralized manner and salvage stations will buy and process them in a unified manner; 14) set domestic waste garbage cans at construction sites, collect domestic waste and send domestic waste to places designated by public sanitation departments; and 15) try to prevent pedestrian and construction vehicles from using roads at the same time.


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    Avaliação Ambiental

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    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

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    Environmental and social impact assessment : executive summary

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    index construction;commercial gas;pipeline network;gas pipeline network;soil erosion;Land Acquisition and Resettlement;cooling water;gas network;disposable income per capita;air quality monitoring program;Environmental and Social Safeguard;domestic solid waste;electricity transmission line;noise level;Wastewater;thermal power plant;activated sludge process;impact of land;fuel type;water supply pipeline;Urban Planning;space heating;public health impact;spread of disease;power transmission line;gas supply pipeline;physical cultural resources;movement of vehicle;adverse environmental impact;electric power transmission;consumption of coal;negative social impacts;local sewerage system;camp management;surface water quality;planning and design;laws and regulation;criteria for selection;ambient air quality;discharge of wastewater;air pollution source;waste heat boiler;kv transmission line;heating season;air pollutant;land occupation;heat service;treated effluent;respiratory disease;cumulative impact;construction stage;construction site;assessment area;positive impact;process water;water pipeline;heat supply;exhaust gas;heating source;employment opportunity;agricultural irrigation;construction phase;trunk pipe;primary concern;dry season;monitoring plan;Safeguard Policies;radio interference;alternative technology;combustion chamber;electric field;compensation fund;rolling terrain;mechanical equipment;employment opportunities;Capital Investments;institutional strengthening;safeguard policy;job opportunities;job opportunity;garden plot;industrial sector;electromagnetic environment;acid precipitation;mountain area;noise source;mitigation measure;model result;treatment process;public consultation;boiler water;gas companies;production target;ecological damage;village meeting;rural setting;mountain region;pipeline construction;urban heat;cleaner fuel;magnetic induction;emission level;forest park;flood plain;coal firing;Clean Energy;direct discharge;aquatic environment;storage tank;beneficial use;domestic waste;marginal environmental;sanitation department;vegetative coverage;fresh water;water quantity;wind speed;annual precipitation;annual temperature;short period;ecological impact;water resource;continental climate;arid region;Environmental Assessment;high capital;competitive bidding;local economy;living standard;heating fuel;national economy;restructuring plan;technology base;primary cause;statistical information;involuntary resettlement;emission standard;wild animal;arid area;national strategy;sedimentation process;noise impact;noise generation;construction equipment;drilling operation;soil layer;alluvial area;groundwater aquifer;gender issue;discharge standard;construction wastewater;disposal method;supply network;construction activities;access road;gas stove;domestic wastewater;social implications;aesthetic value;green field;residential sector;coal use;coal consumption;total energy;conservation monitoring;power cogeneration;energy source;assessment criterion;environmental law;applicable law;public affair;environmental performance;domestic requirement;environmental standard;adequate capacity;environmental criterion;statistical survey;reduced expenditure;pollution reduction;disadvantaged family;total reserve;iron ore;aluminum ore;paddy field;industrial restructuring;security assessment;gas pressure;supply balance;resettlement survey;impact area;water source;gas share;national requirement;gas exchange;trunk pipeline;supply lines;gas line;ecological characteristics;heating efficiency;natural reserve;vegetable farm;wood land;urban roads;replacement cost;household affect;Ethnic Minorities;disadvantaged people;environmental monitoring;municipal sewers;health effect;improved health;dispersion model;management requirements;infrastructure service;Traffic Control;urban resident;rural resident;concentration distribution;daily activity;main road;recovery period;magnetic field;construction period;occupational exposure;disposed waste;urban upgrade;



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