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Fiji poverty and equity brief: spring 2018 (Inglês)

This poverty and equity brief explains about Poverty rates in Fiji are among the lowest in the Pacific. Estimates suggest that less than 2 percent of the population wed in extreme poverty in 2013-14 using the international poverty line; 14.3 percent lived in poverty using the lower middle-income class poverty line; and close to half the population lived in poverty using the upper middle-income class poverty line. This latter incidence of poverty is at the higher end of the spectrum seen across the upper middle-income countries, and the incidence of extreme poverty is comparatively low. According to national estimates based on the cost of local basic needs, poverty in Fiji has been declining over time. The headcount poverty rate, as measured by consumption welfare, declined from 39.8 percent in the 2002—03 survey, to 35.2 percent in the 2008—09 survey, to 34.0 percent in the 2013—14 survey. The poverty rate is significantly higher in rural areas than urban areas (38.3 percent relative to 29.9 percent in the 2013—14 survey), but this gap has shifted over time. The rural poverty rate was relatively stable between 2002—03 and 2008—09, but dropped significantly between 2008—09 and 2013-14. Meanwhile, the urban poverty rate declined between 2002—03 and 2008—09, but then partially rebounded between 2008—09 and 2013—14. The characteristics associated with being poor (according to the national poverty line), include a larger household size and household heads with a lower level of education and who are self-employed, older in age, and a member of the i-Take ethnic group.




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