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Central Asia’s Horticulture Sector : Capitalizing on New Export Opportunities in Chinese and Russian Markets (Inglês)

In China, changing demographics, rising incomes and shifting consumer preferences have resulted in an ever-growing demand for food that is more varied, healthier and of higher quality and this demand is set to persist well into the future. According to International Monetary Fund projections (2019), by 2024, Chinese per capita gross domestic product (GDP, in current prices) will increase to dollar 28,450, from dollar 13,130 in 2019, and the population will increase to 1.5 billion people (United Nations, 2019). The projected urbanization rate will reach 67 percent by 2030, compared to 56 percent in 2015 (Goh et al., 2014). The growing number of consumers in China, that are increasingly more affluent and educated, will continue shifting their dietary preferences to include more protein, fruits and vegetables. Central Asian countries are well placed to be more competitive in satisfying fruit import demand in the growing Chinese markets and will reap economic and social development benefits along the way. For centuries, Central Asia has occupied a position of strategic importance in trade between the East and the West. The region’s geographic location, natural resources, untapped yield potential, and the possibility of greater private sector investment through policy reform create the necessary preconditions for the Central Asian countries to increase their agricultural exports to China. As China places an important role on meeting its growing food needs on dynamic agricultural trade and investment cooperation with the Central Asian countries, this results in significant opportunities for the region to increase its presence in the Chinese fruit markets brought by improved infrastructure and higher cross-border investment. For example, according to the recent World Bank report (World Bank, 2019), Belt and Road Initiative transport projects are estimated to increase trade by up to 9.7 percent. Countries that have a comparative advantage in time-sensitive sectors, such as fresh fruits and vegetables, are expected to be the biggest winners.


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    Schroeder,Kateryna Goychuk

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    Ásia Central,

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    Europa e Ásia Central,

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    Central Asia’s Horticulture Sector : Capitalizing on New Export Opportunities in Chinese and Russian Markets

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    value-added tax; fresh fruit; fresh fruit and vegetable; maximum residue level; small and medium size enterprise; food and agricultural; supply chain management system; Commonwealth of Independent States; supply and distribution chains; cost of production costs; japan international cooperation agency; Balance of Trade; country of origin; investment in research; former soviet union; food safety standard; certificate of origin; Good Agricultural Practices; high export potential; production and export; quality control system; consultations with stakeholders; quality of supply; transportation of good; agreement on trade; share of export; pattern of trade; major world exporters; mycotoxins in food; barrier to entry; fines for noncompliance; development of e-commerce; cost of transit; drip irrigation system; quality planting material; export of goods; primarily due; market price support; access to fund; cost of service; standard of living; demand for food; development of infrastructure; free trade agreement; trade and investment; point of entry; employment in agriculture; customs clearance procedures; source income; source of income; per capita consumption; open trade policies; transport and delivery; consumer purchasing power; peak demand period; mutually beneficial partnership; price level change; types of consumer; use of chemicals; bricks and mortar; terms of sale; low population density; cargo movement; private sector involvement; shipment of good; bureau of statistic; food packaging material; changes in production; barrier to participation; lack of knowledge; value chain; table grape; cold chain; fruit exports; recent years; Grocery Store; exchange rate; Exchange Rates; export competitiveness; fruit market; retail market; fresh food; distribution center; comparative advantage; input vat; fruit production; e-commerce company; import market; food retail; production volume; crop protection; organic fertilizer; shelf life; exporting country; export volume; profit margin; import requirement; small farmer; food export; food product; export value; first grade; import price; market access; cold storage; excise tax; customs union; horticulture sector; product quality; rural area; dried fruit; climatic condition; wholesale market; export growth; fruit tree; traditional market; horticulture product; customs broker; trade fair; quality requirement; wholesale price; export promotion; asian countries; recent development; improved seed; export channel; market level; knowledge resource; fresh grape; small-scale producer; small scale producer; collective farm; safety systems; administrative procedure; soybean oil; soybean meal; sales channel; food trade; pest risk; export market; institutional constraint; local producer; international market; storage system; treatment facilities; sunflower oil; processed fruits; nutritional value; soybean seed; agricultural lending; net importer; invoice price; import growth; resource cost; digital infrastructure; geographic location; consumer trust; food sale; delivery service; sunflower seed; skin defect; online shopper; agricultural product; expert opinion; penetration rate; economic crisis; horticulture export; label requirement; agricultural sector; domestic production; value loss; trade cooperation; hazard analysis; e-commerce activity; consumer demand; remote area; railway network; local market; storage area; smallholder farmer; Retail Sector; online retail; product specification; market chain; trade datum; net exporter; consumer preference; customs control; foreign market; pest damage; product standard; logistics system; wet market; Natural Resources; convenience stores; open market; e-commerce market; small producer; turkish lira; urban consumer; import tariff; financial resource; import demand; retail store; market power; low temperature; commercial bank; research show; several factors; market player; shadow price; food demand; small larvae; grape price; legal requirement; creating opportunity



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