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Investment guide for water and wastewater projects (Inglês,Romeno)

The World Bank has agreed to support the Government of Romania (GoR) with the harmonization of public investments financed by the European Union and the state budget, with the wider aim of promoting the country’s sustainable and inclusive growth. This work is a follow-up to the World Bank’s Regional Development Program in Romania (November 2012-March 2014), which provided recommendations primarily targeted at EU-funded instruments. In short, this guide includes practical solutions for enhancing coordination across investment programs dedicated to water and wastewater investments. It is targeted primarily at public authorities and other stakeholders at the local level and comes at an important time: the preparation of major investment projects for the 2014-2020 programming period. Romania faces a critical need to enhance coordination of such projects to do more with less. The basic condition for addressing Romania’s development needs – required, though not sufficient – is access to financial resources for critical investments. The main objective of the Bank’s overall engagement with the MRDPA is to support the strategic coordination of infrastructure strategies and investment projects financed by the EU and by the state budget in regions, counties, and municipalities. The current investment guide aims to facilitate the adoption and implementation of prioritization and selection criteria that enhance coordination at the level of infrastructure programs and at the level of the water and wastewater projects they finance. In addition to enhancing coordination, harmonized criteria hold the promise of ensuring a more rigorous design and implementation of investment programs and greater interoperability across financing sources. A related goal is to help authorities determine appropriate sources of funding for various project proposals. Essentially, this investment guide defines a methodology for prioritizing investments and then applies it to the existing universe of potential projects, mapping at the level of each county the existing infrastructure and a proposed order of investment priorities. Regional Water and Wastewater Master Plans have been devised to guide investments in infrastructure in the sector, but these are unfortunately not always followed. Since agglomerations and clusters do not always coincide with the administrative boundaries of a territorial unit, they make the coordination of investments quite difficult. Going forward, it is important to ensure that investments in water and wastewater infrastructure follow the provisions of existing regional master plans. To ensure a coherent and coordinated approach to water and wastewater investments, it is important that regional water operators play a key role throughout the process. This chapter features an atlas of water and wastewater investments in Romania, at the level of each region.

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