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Are poor slum-dwellers willing to pay for formal land title : evidence from Dar es Salaam (Inglês)

High levels of informality, from 70 percent to 80 percent in many developing country cities, increase poverty and make urbanization unsustainable. But it is not clear if this is due to lack of interest in more secure land rights or the high cost of traditional institutions. To find out, and see if formalization can help increase female empowerment, the authors conducted an information campaign about the importance of female land ownership in poor informal neighborhoods of Dar es Salaam and allowed randomly selected residents to get title at a discounted price, with possible additional discounts if a woman is on the title. The authors found that demand for title at affordable prices is very high and that, after the information campaign, many males added females to title applications even if they did not receive large fiscal incentives. These results can have far-reaching impacts for the most appropriate way to support urban infrastructure upgrading.

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