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ESMAP : annual report 1992 (Inglês)

The past year was one of further transition for ESMAP. Following the meeting of the Consultative Group in Geneva, major changes in the management of the Programme were introduced as a prelude to the elaboration of a new strategy and work plan for 1992-93. Immediately after the meeting, the decision was taken to establish ESMAP as a separate entity within the World Bank. The organizational changes took place in a year characterized by sluggish economic performance worldwide, a decrease for the second consecutive year in GNP per capita in developing countries as a whole, diminishing energy prices in real terms, and dwindling aid programs caused by persistent budget difficulties in many OECD countries. Despite mounting environmental concerns and the public debate generated by the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), energy issues in developing countries seemed to be perceived as relatively less important than in the past few years. Moreover, technical assistance programs have had to compete for resources within declining overseas development assistance funds. As a result, funding the ESMAP work plan proved highly uncertain. Despite these difficult conditions, ESMAP was able to continue work on ongoing programs and a limited number of new activities with very little disruption: 41 activities were completed during the period. This compares with a total of 37 activities completed during the previous period and 14 activities one year before. The number of new activities launched during the year decreased from 27 to 21, reflecting the difficulties in securing new funding. At the end of September 1992, some 35 new activities proposed in the ESMAP work plan for 1992-93 still remained to be funded.


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    ESMAP : annual report 1992

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    energy sector management assistance programme; calendar year; Natural Resource Management; industrial energy conservation; household energy strategy; power loss reduction; renewable energy potential; rural energy system; use of energy; use energy; promotion of energy; exchange of information; Oil & Gas; Oil and Gas; transfer of technology; gas market development; budget information system; rural energy strategy; efficiency of electricity; energy demand management; priorities and strategy; conservation of energy; global biomass supply; cash flow problem; use of electricity; large metropolitan areas; technical assistance program; environment planning; Energy & Environment; greenhouse gas abatement; policy and institution; household energy sector; former soviet union; national energy strategy; power distribution system; environment and development; indoor air pollution; energy strategies; recipient countries; staff salary; energy policies; staff travel; energy pricing; energy assessment; network development; environmental issue; operational department; prefeasibility study; local expertise; management structure; distribution network; improved communication; energy planning; wood resource; Regional Studies; rural area; petroleum fuel; environmental degradation; sector restructuring; internal computing; operational staff; staff costs; energy activity; several reasons; pricing policy; urban household; biomass fuel; local capability; distribution expansion; Environmental Policy; rural population; low-income household; traditional biomass; traditional fuel; cooking fuel; poor household; strategy formulation; energy ladder; water pump; grain mill; electric light; urban poor; interfuel substitution; traditional energy; energy transition; transition process; energy law; physical construction; petroleum exploration; petroleum subsector; Energy Projects; policy work; efficient production; financial framework; energy service; national policy; global environmental; staff capacity; regional banks; assessment process; early age; limited resources; international energy; privileged position; supervisory capacity; fund account; bilateral contribution; expenditure estimates; financial requirement; Donor Contribution; system efficiency; assessment study; kerosene stove; development study; regional capacity; Commitment Date; conservative approach; donor community; financial commitment; program objectives; Donor countries; scarce resource; joint strategy; power utilities; power system; gas trade; gas strategy; power utility; fiscal revenue; financing mechanism; energy equipment; desertification control; network data; budget formulation; audit commission; administrative budget; salary cost; donor funding; budget control; biomass utilization; technological application; charcoal use; alternative development; network performance; technological development; power network; efficiency concerns; transmission planning; financial planning; operational counterparts; extensive consultation; detailed strategy; appropriate procedure; Program of Activities; bilateral aid; governance mechanism; informal communication; resident representative; public debate; internal review; oecd countries; operational work; alternative energy; Electric Power; regulatory mechanism; energy legislation; long-term commitment; working relationship; important change; environmental program; economic reform; particular expertise; aid community; energy price; audit trail; budget revision; review procedures; budgetary control; last spring; inventory control; Project Monitoring; organizational change



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