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Iraq - Joint needs assessment (Inglês)

The assessment is based on the best possible data available at the time. However, overall security and travel constraints, the tragic events and subsequent repercussions of the bombing of the United Nation (UN) headquarters in Baghdad, the lack of primary sources and significant time constraints all made systematic data collection extremely difficult. It also interrupted ongoing and planned consultations with Iraqi officials and civil society stakeholders that were considered critical for ensuring Iraqi ownership of the Assessment's findings. To the purpose of this needs assessment is to inform the donor reconstruction conference scheduled for October 23-24, 2003, of the current status and priority reconstruction and rehabilitation needs in each sector, focusing on the most urgent requirements for 2004 and indicative reconstruction needs for the period 2005-2007. In addition, this report strives to put the sector assessments in their proper context, highlighting the need for a sustainable approach to reconstruction and development, and outlining a number of policy reform options. Overall investment needs along with a discussion of absorptive capacity are provided in the final chapter.

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    Oriente Médio e Norte da África,

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    Iraq - Joint needs assessment

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    Finance & Private Sector Development;level of foreign exchange reserve;Technical and Vocational Education;food ration;oil sector;real gross domestic product;flexible exchange rate regime;employment creation;social and economic development;small and medium enterprise;gaps in service provision;human rights;international community;reconstruction and rehabilitation;Rule of Law;Job Creation;investment climate;Oil Export;oil revenue;private investment;government institution;public resource;hard budget constraint;policy reform options;modern market economy;civil society stakeholders;contract good;capital intensive nature;Housing and Land;lack of resource;refined petroleum product;price of oil;barrels per day;banking supervision capacity;volume of investment;Agriculture;trade regime;water resource;security situation;water use efficiency;international private investors;Access to Electricity;road and bridges;weak tax administration;exchange rate development;exchange rate policy;currency in circulation;rehabilitation of infrastructure;disbursement of fund;consultations with stakeholders;short-term job creation;structure of production;Exchange rate policies;lack of security;contaminated water supply;investments in infrastructure;disposal of sewage;curriculum and instruction;safety net system;private market economy;public sector wage;restrictions on imports;Check and Balances;abolition of tariffs;internationally accepted standards;rates of unemployment;cost recovery mechanism;quantitative import restriction;private sector financing;indirect tax revenue;damage to buildings;process of reform;support energy;international good practice;real exchange rate;population at large;access to food;distribution of food;independent central bank;children and youth;cash transfer system;institutions of state;rate of growth;exchange program;natural endowment;human capital;payment system;Financial Sector;oil production;monetary policy;absorptive capacity;food distribution;downside risk;government revenue;critical infrastructure;macroeconomic framework;human service;sector priorities;urban management;infrastructure service;education systems;food basket;energy price;environmental degradation;internal tax;transportation link;banking system;data quality;financial system;democratic society;oil fund;donor financing;budgetary transfer;piecemeal reforms;reform strategy;price structure;oil subsidy;social disruption;Macroeconomic Policy;liquid resource;investment need;social transition;oil reserve;economic prosperity;Social Protection;macroeconomic assumption;command economy;individual assessment;agriculture sector;primary source;Cultural Heritage;raise revenues;Public Infrastructure;sustainable approach;adequate security;investment expenditure;input price;income effect;basic food;price stability;Price Subsidies;liberal trade;public revenue;budget deficit;competitive sector;vulnerable group;rural area;price liberalization;live birth;regional imbalances;internal capacity;investment cost;infrastructure asset;lack experience;physical asset;energy service;controlled price;cooking oil;traded goods;donor effort;significant challenge;international sanction;good governance;ample evidence;disbursement rate;Wage Bill;resource distribution;resource expenditure;domestic revenue;military expenditure;economic recovery;food commodity;donor support;public fund;donor assistance;international reserve;external reserve;wasteful energy;government cash;treasury account;heavy reliance;international procedure;investment program;food reserve;affected communities;macroeconomic fluctuation;oil price;chronic poor;proven reserve;youth population;policy priority;social indicator;budget allocation;budgetary resource;operational capacity;national capacity;productive use;infrastructure rehabilitation;agricultural potential;free market;supply response;environment section;price impact;public system;gradual approach;sector reports;real wage;border price;financial infrastructure;regional price



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