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Urban and Rural Municipal Solid Waste in China and the Circular Economy : A Brief Overview and Opportunities Going Forward (Inglês)

This paper lists several opportunities for China to advance MSW policies and practices. In addition to building on lessons learned from countries with decades of experience in implementing separation at source programs, including lessons on dealing with the informal sector, China’s extended responsibility systems (EPR) for different waste streams including packaging waste could be tested locally and if successful, could then be prioritized. EPR schemes could be used to introduce incentives for eco-design, create a sustainable production and consumption pattern, reduce landfilling and develop recycling and recovery channels. China could also more comprehensively test the regional approach for service delivery especially for underserved county and rural areas. There is an opportunity to deepen urban-rural integration enhance economies of scale, and improve efficiency through regional integration in waste service provision. This would not only improve the quality of service provision but support financial sustainability and help offset some of the increased financial costs for circularity. Ensuring sustainable operational financing is important to provide for public-private partnerships, a stated priority of the government; sustain earlier and current investments; and permit future development of facilities.


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    Ghesquiere,Francis, Liu,Jianguo, Ionkova,Kremena M.

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    Leste Asiático e Pacífico,

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    Urban and Rural Municipal Solid Waste in China and the Circular Economy : A Brief Overview and Opportunities Going Forward

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    plastic waste; separation at source; circular economy; environmental science; construction and demolition waste; disposable income per capita; waste recycling; material recycling; safe disposal; Solid Waste Management; public interest litigation; treatment of waste; extended producer responsibility; waste management operations; domestic solid waste; cost of service; waste generation rate; source of pollution; waste management practice; economies of scale; efficiency of operations; safe disposal facilities; environmental protection policy; lack of facilities; population growth rate; rate of growth; degree of informality; privileges and immunity; million people; recycled waste plastic; put pressure; rural solid waste; urban environmental sanitation; hazardous waste management; organic matter content; waste management system; waste management technique; operation and management; contamination of water; change in behavior; adverse environmental impact; law and regulation; long-term sustainable development; industrial solid waste; international experiences show; greenhouse gas emission; supply of good; environmental protection department; environmental protection law; product life cycle; unit of resource; construction and operation; amount of tax; good environmental governance; solid waste law; impact on health; solid waste sector; waste information system; global value chain; cost of collection; informal sector; food waste; waste treatment; packaging waste; rural area; waste plastics; waste incineration; waste pickers; recycling industry; source separation; public awareness; anaerobic digestion; disposal facility; waste stream; resource utilization; treatment facilities; waste collection; plastic packaging; purchase price; domestic waste; waste service; incineration plant; waste import; fluidized bed; waste hierarchy; financial cost; draft law; electronic product; Public-Private Partnership; rural region; coal-fired power; waste dumps; moisture content; organic waste; municipal waste management; recent years; environmental supervision; household food; environmental control; living standard; resource productivity; Electronic Waste; raw material; recycled materials; textile materials; express delivery; coastal region; resource consumption; treatment rate; regulatory environment; agricultural waste; pilot program; scrap metal; food delivery; public concern; recycling process; administrative order; department stores; increasing consumption; plastic material; packaging industry; recycling programs; significant challenge; supply chain; industrial source; global assessment; waste dumping; Population Density; land area; marine waste; river system; marine life; food chain; shipping industry; draft policy; marine ecosystem; recent research; plastic products; soil contamination; aerobic composting; public health; waste reduction; public subsidy; household sources; waste dealers; recent studies; solid residues; downstream activities; downstream activity; mandatory separation; upstream activity; positive impact; waste handling; effluent treatment; flue gas; emission datum; financial sustainability; metropolitan area; better environment; combustion process; treatment process; annual output; national policy; price fluctuation; recycling facility; active citizen; waste prevention; mandatory targets; legislative change; global impact; biological treatment; recyclable components; disposal capacity; payment mechanism; integration model; river delta; urban region; disposal service; influencing factor; public welfare; environmental monitoring; policy regard; several ministries; financial contribution; legal obligation; utilization rate; local regulation; financial input; system design; groundwater pollution; reporting system; waste generator; city region; capacity enhancement; electronic equipment; good cooperation; investment cost; pollutant discharge; electricity output; incineration technology; state council; sewage discharge; permit system; tax la



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