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The millennium development goals in Europe and Central Asia (Inglês)

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) promote poverty reduction and human development as the key to sustaining social and economic progress. In broad terms, the goals aim to cut by half the proportion of people living in poverty by 2015, provide education to all, improve health, and preserve the environment. The Millennium Development Goals grew out of the agreements and resolutions of world conferences organized by the United Nations over the past decade. Brought together as a set of "International Development Goals" in 1996, they have since been refined and are now widely accepted as the framework for measuring development progress. At the Millennium Summit in September 2000, the 189 states of the United Nations reaffirmed their commitment to working toward a world of peace and security for all-a world in which sustaining development and eliminating poverty would have the highest priority. Signed by 147 heads of state, the Millennium Declaration was passed unanimously by the members of the UN General Assembly. The MDGs focus the efforts of the world community on achieving significant, measurable improvements in people's lives by establishing yardsticks for results. They require action not just by developing countries but by the industrial countries that must assist in implementation. Most of the targets are to be achieved over a 25-year period from 1990 to 2015. The complete Millennium Development Goal framework-comprising 8 goals, 18 targets, and 48 indicators-is set out at the end of this booklet. The first seven goals are directed at reducing poverty in all its forms: hunger, a lack of income, education and health care, gender inequality, and environmental degradation. While each goal is important, collectively they form a comprehensive and mutually reinforcing approach to alleviating poverty. For example, better health care increases school enrollment and reduces poverty. Better education leads to better health. And increasing incomes gives people more resources to pursue better education and health care and a better environment. The eighth goal-building a global partnership for development-provides a means for achieving the first seven. This might entail providing additional debt reduction and development assistance-and lowering trade barriers to allow for a freer exchange of goods and services.

Detalhes

  • Data do documento

    2000/09/01

  • TIpo de documento

    Documento de Trabalho

  • No. do relatório

    29307

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    Europa e Ásia Central,

  • Região

    Europa e Ásia Central,

  • Data de divulgação

    2010/07/01

  • Nome do documento

    The millennium development goals in Europe and Central Asia

  • Palavras-chave

    ratio of girls to boys in primary;access to safe drinking water;access to health care;access to health service;global partnership for development;Upper Middle Income Countries;access to public information;number of new cases;primary school completion rate;maternal mortality ratio;improved water source;universal primary education;net enrollment ratio;gender equality goal;spread of hiv;primary completion rate;reducing child mortality;cases of hiv;incidence of malaria;living standard;infant mortality rate;gross domestic product;real exchange rate;private protected land;liters of water;compatible regulatory framework;improved water supply;carbon dioxide emission;deposition of nitrogen;access to sanitation;water quality problem;access to water;civil society participation;emergency obstetric care;incidence of abortion;commercial sex worker;Human Immunodeficiency Virus;diagnosis and treatment;ownership of reform;capacity of country;children and youth;official school age;per capita income;natural resource exploitation;exchange of good;lowering trade barrier;education and health;heads of state;international development goal;living in poverty;child mortality goal;poverty reduction goal;child mortality rate;access to care;number of teachers;human capital formation;care during pregnancy;access to schooling;share of children;mode of transmission;export of goods;Effective Development Assistance;gross national income;data collection method;national poverty line;high poverty line;prevalence hiv;quality and efficiency;enrollment for boy;purchasing power parity;lack of income;low population density;live birth;maternal death;environmental sustainability;

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