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Who uses basic services in rural El Salvador? (Inglês)

The study examines the use of basic services in rural areas of El Salvador, and provides information on regional distribution of disadvantaged groups across the country. Besides an inequality distribution research on these services, the report also contrasts the use of basic services, by poor and non-poor groups, in rural and urban areas alike. The analysis suggests that rural populations are in urgent need of improved infrastructure, particularly those groups hit hardest during the civil war, which at present, are lagging behind considerably, emphasizing that, the poorest regions, i.e., rural central and rural eastern, have the worst regional basic infrastructure. While primary school attendance is extremely low among rural children, the study further reviews high school costs as a main constraint, and suggests a reduction in direct costs of primary education, crucial for improving this constraint. The study reports, that while the EDUCO Program aims at reaching the poor, it does not, however, reach the poorest rural children, implying that, in order to improve targeting practices, EDUCO, should correct under-coverage of poor children, while cutting down leakage to non-poor children. Likewise, public health services are not properly targeted, as are not, the various public food programs. Programs redesign would enhance benefits to the poor, while improving cost efficiency.




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