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How do cities in Ethiopia create jobs (Inglês)

This paper reviews city-based industrialization across Ethiopia to understand (a) its importance in driving net job creation, and (b) the factors that determine the success of high-growth industries and cities. The focus of the analysis is on firms, industries, and cities in Ethiopia that create and sustain jobs. The analysis finds that much of new job creation is found in emerging cities, although capital intensity in production is also increasing. As in other countries, 97 percent of new jobs are created by large firms, and it is incumbents and not new entrants that contribute to initial and sustained increases in employment. Agglomeration economies, better business environment, and access to better infrastructure are factors that matter, albeit differently, depending on firms' size, life-cycle, and rate of growth.

Detalhes

  • Autor

    Mukim,Megha

  • Data do documento

    2016/10/18

  • TIpo de documento

    Documento de trabalho sobre pesquisa de políticas

  • No. do relatório

    WPS7866

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    Etiópia,

  • Região

    África,

  • Data de divulgação

    2016/10/18

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    How do cities in Ethiopia create jobs ?

  • Palavras-chave

    Micro and Small Enterprises;small and medium enterprise;vocational education and training;share of employment;net job creation;rate of growth;cost of transport;cost of electricity;share of labor;availability of infrastructure;cost of land;cost of transportation;access to infrastructure;employment growth;investments in infrastructure;total factor productivity;increase in capital;source of employment;misallocation of resources;investment in capital;Access to Electricity;access to telecommunication;frequent power cuts;cost of entry;secondary vocational education;private sector involvement;urbanization and growth;land use pattern;national policy maker;combination of factor;engine of growth;high tax burden;Employment and Growth;international oil price;unit of output;interactions between individual;effect on employment;barrier to entry;average tax burden;business environment;license fee;fixed effect;total employment;capital intensity;average distance;urban administration;job destruction;capital-intensive sector;industrial sector;economic geography;Labor Market;rural transportation infrastructure;manufacturing sector;job growth;city economy;firm size;labor-intensive industry;size distribution;industrial growth;tax policy;high capital;small cities;firm exit;industrial concentration;local industry;agglomeration economy;light manufacturing;household use;household level;dry season;spatial structure;social indicator;telecommunication service;sample survey;formal manufacturing;medium firms;high concentration;positive spillover;large enterprise;Vocational Training;employment creation;informal employment;informal sector;Job Dynamics;Public Transport;urban agglomeration;skilled labor;industrial activity;sectoral distribution;localization economies;enterprise account;econometric model;rural area;firm level;manufacturing enterprise;pay taxes;license procedure;large town;background variable;educational status;employment measure;spatial scale;administrative structure;Tax Holiday;ample evidence;dynamic relationship;regression model;explanatory variable;exogenous shift;longer period;natural endowment;business culture;entry regulation;economic diversity;standard error;federal government;high corruption;response variable;dynamic change;autonomous region;marital status;infrastructure access;Informal Economy;employment share;adequate information;fiscal instrument;special treatment;special tax;manufacturing industry;Demographic Transition;descriptive statistic;fiscal policy;successful country;labor productivity;academic education;infrastructure endowment;public policy;multivariate analysis;knowledge spillover;market access;Fiscal policies;graduation rate;Industrial Policies;Industrial Policy;market force;beneficial impact;basic metal;urban amenity;global macro;creating job;labor intensity;international market;Real estate;urban employment;geographical scale;city competitiveness;open access;development policy;home market;infrastructure capacity;labor pool;probit regression;smaller towns;legal adviser;firm dynamic;allocative efficiency;sectoral composition;demonstration effect;labor-intensive sectors;empirical evidence;productive enterprise;conceptual framework;

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