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Investing in school and health and nutrition in Indonesia (Inglês)

School health and nutrition (SHN) interventions are important investments for the education since poor health and nutrition among school-age children impede achieving education objectives. Diseases and malnutrition affect children throughout childhood and while school-age children are at lower risk for dying from these conditions, disease and malnutrition take their toll on participation and progress in school and learning. Hungry and poorly nourished school-age children have lower cognitive abilities, beyond any losses to cognition that may have resulted from nutrition deficits and poor health suffered during their preschool years or earlier, and naturally perform less well and are more likely to repeat grades and drop out of school than children without impairments. The irregular school attendance of malnourished and unhealthy children is one of the key factors in their poor performance. SHN interventions also improve equity. Diseases and some forms of malnutrition affect the poor more than the non-poor. Children from poorer households are also less able to have access to or afford treatment. SHN interventions redress this inequity and unlike many educational interventions such as text-books, teacher training or others that may tend to benefit the highest achieving students the most (possibly increasing inequality in the education system), SHN benefits the poorest children more and helps those who are most disadvantaged the chance to take better advantage of their educational opportunities.

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