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Minding the stock : bringing public policy to bear on livestock sector development (Inglês)

Driven by population growth, urbanization, and increased income, the demand for animal-source food products in developing countries is rapidly increasing. Livestock, which already constitutes 30 percent of the agricultural Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the developing world, and about 40 percent of the global agricultural GDP, is one of the fastest-growing subsectors in agriculture. Growing demand presents real opportunities for economic growth and poverty reduction in rural areas. It could directly benefit the one billion poor people who depend on livestock as a source of income and subsistence. Livestock also provides traction for about 50 percent of the world's farmers and is a source of organic fertilizer for most of the world's croplands, converting waste products into inputs in the production of high-value food. For these reasons, the sector has a critical role to play in making agriculture sustainable, in reducing poverty, and in contributing to economic growth. This report presents an analysis of the issues related to market failures in the livestock sector, and an examination of policy and investment options that can be used to overcome them. Its principal intended audience includes policy makers and development practitioners. Much of the analysis will focus on identifying the needs of the public sector as it sets out to redress the imbalance between public and private investment and to begin establishing an enabling environment in which private sector livestock development can take place in a way that is consistent with public health, poverty reduction, and environmental sustainability. While the report focuses on developing countries, much of its treatment pertains to industrialized countries as well, particularly with respect to issues of crosscutting global significance, such as greenhouse gas emissions and emerging highly infectious diseases.


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    Minding the stock : bringing public policy to bear on livestock sector development

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    Air quality, Animal, animal breeds, animal diseases, animal feed, Animal genetic resources, animal health, animal health services, animal health workers, animal origin, animal production, animal products, animal protein, animal species, animal traction, animal waste, animals, Artificial insemination, avian influenza, Beef, Beef Industry, beef production, biodiversity, biodiversity Conservation, biogas, biomass production, birds, Bovine spongiform encephalopathy, breed, breed societies, breeding services, BSE, bulls, Calf Mortality, calves, Carbon, Carbon dioxide, carbon emissions, carbon sequestration, carbonsequestration, Cattle, cattle disease, Cattle grazing, classical swine fever, Clean Development Mechanism, commodity chain, common property, communal grazing, communal land, cows, crop residues, crossbreeding, Daily weight gain, Dairy, Dairy Development, decision making, decision-making institutions, Developed Countries, disease control, disease outbreaks, disease pressure, domestic livestock, dry-season grazing, dry-season grazing areas, economic development, economic growth, economies of scale, emission reduction, Emissions, Environmental, environmental impacts, exotic breeds, Extensive grazing, Externalities, farm, farmer, farming systems, farms, feed, feed grains, feed supplies, feed-producing areas, feeding, feeding systems, feeds, Fertility rate, fodder, food products, Food safety, food safety standards, food security, Foot-and-mouth disease, free goods, genetic diversity, Genetic improvement, Global Climate Change, goats, grasses, grazing land, grazing resources, grazing systems, Greenhouse Gases, herd mobility, herds, Highlands, improved feeding, income, Lamb, land degradation, legislation, Livestock, livestock development, Livestock Environment, Livestock extension, livestock farmers, livestock feed, livestock grazing, livestock health, livestock industry, Livestock Information, Livestock Insurance, livestock keepers, livestock management, livestock market, livestock market infrastructure, Livestock Owners, Livestock policies, livestock producer, Livestock Production, Livestock Production Systems, Livestock Products, Livestock Projects, Livestock ranching, Livestock Research, Livestock Revolution, Livestock Sector, livestock services, livestock subsector, livestock system, livestock waste, livestock-induced deforestation, manure, manure management, marketing of livestock, meat, meat consumption, meat prices, meat processing, milk, milk consumption, milk production, milk products, national herd, natural resources, negative externalities, Nitrogen content, nomadic herders, nutrient balances, Nutrient Loading, organic fertilizer, overgrazing, Pastoral Areas, pastoral associations, pastoral development, pastoral peoples, pastoral production, pastoral production systems, pastoral societies, pastoral systems, pastoralists, pasture management, pastures, Pig, pig production, pigs, Policy Instruments, policy makers, pollution control, Population growth, pork, positive externalities, Poultry, poultry feed, poultry products, Poverty Reduction, Private Goods, Property Rights, public good, Public Goods, quality standards, ranch expansion, ranches, Range degradation, range management, Range resources, rangeland, rangeland dynamics, Rangelands, Recycling, rinderpest, ruminant livestock, ruminant meat, ruminant meat production, ruminant production, sheep, smallholder producers, Smallholders, Soybean Meal, subsistence farming, sustainable growth, swine, Technological Progress, total meat production, Total milk production, tuberculosis, Vaccine development, Veterinarians, Veterinary, Veterinary health, Veterinary Services, waste management, waste recycling, water pollution, water requirements, watershed, wildlife, Zoonotic Diseases



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