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The World Bank in Bangladesh 2020 (Inglês)

Bangladesh is known for its success in reducing poverty and boosting shared prosperity for all its people. It has shown the world it is possible within only four decades to rise from extreme poverty to achieve lower middle-income status. Bangladesh has cut extreme poverty in half in record time and is among the few developing countries to achieve gender parity in school enrollment. Despite being severely affected by climate change, it has been a frontrunner in adaptation and disaster preparedness. It has become the world’s second largest ready-made garments exporter after China. The World Bank Group is proud to be a partner in this remarkable journey. The World Bank is among Bangladesh’s early development partners and since independence has provided more than 30 billion Dollars in financing. Currently, Bangladesh has the largest program under the International Development Association, the World Bank’s fund for the poorest countries. This program includes human development, infrastructure, urban development, climate change, agriculture, among others. The results of the partnership are visible: according to the World Bank’s Human Capital Index, Bangladesh performed better than the South Asian average as well as the Lower Middle-Income average in all criteria except for stunting. With more educated and skilled youth, higher incomes, better infrastructure and healthier citizens, Bangladesh has all the ingredients to make its vision of becoming an upper middle-income country by 2031 into a reality. But there is no room for complacency; while successes are many, challenges are also formidable. The World Bank Group’s Country Partnership Framework (FY16-21)—which is aligned with national priorities—supports Bangladesh’s growth aspirations. The World Bank has identified five transformational priorities where a concerted effort will have the greatest impact on sustainable growth and job creation—energy, inland connectivity, regional and global integration, urbanization, and adaptive delta management. Further, it will build on the foundational priorities such as macroeconomic stability, human development, and institutional and business environment, where Bangladesh is doing well and would benefit from continued strong performance. Guided by these priorities and building on a strong existing partnership, the World Bank’s current engagement includes a robust program of technical and financial support to help Bangladesh achieve its vision of becoming an upper middle-income country. Bangladesh has shown great generosity in providing shelter to the displaced Rohingya population. To help the country deal with the influx—a crisis of unprecedented scale and size—the World Bank has mobilized nearly half a billion dollars in grants, of which 240 million Dollars, including a 13 million Dollars grant from Canada, has been already approved to provide for the health, learning and basic service needs of the Rohingya in Cox’s Bazar District. The pages of this publication provide a glimpse of the World Bank projects in Bangladesh.

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