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The Role of Digital Identification for Healthcare : The Emerging Use Cases (Inglês)

Identification is crucial for the efficient and effective delivery of health services and public health management and is therefore instrumental for achieving sustainable development goal (SDG). Providers need to know a patient’s identity to access relevant medical and treatment histories and ensure that they are giving consistent and appropriate care. Patients also need documentation to prove enrollment in insurance programs or other safety nets that cover medical expenses. As an alternative to creating a health-specific functional identification system, some countries have instead opted to use existing foundational identification systems, such as population registers, unique identification numbers (UINs) or national ID (NID) cards, as the basis for patient identification, verification, and authentication. The goal of this paper is therefore to synthesize selected examples of how foundational systems are used for healthcare in a variety of countries. The authors hope that this initial effort at framing the utility of foundational identification for healthcare and providing early lessons and key considerations will help guide future work in this area by practitioners, donors, and researchers. This paper is organized as follows: section one gives introduction. Section two provides an overview of the main areas in which using a foundational system is likely to impact healthcare. Section three illustrates the impact areas using country cases from Botswana, Estonia, India, Korea, and Thailand. In light of these examples, section four discusses the key issues for practitioners to consider when integrating foundational identification into health care systems, including high-level design issues and strategies for maintaining data privacy and security. Section five provides concluding thoughts.

Detalhes

  • Autor

    Clark,Julia Michal, Schmider,Anneke Elizabeth, Bujoreanu,Luda, Marskell,Jonathan Daniel, Aguilar Rivera,Ana Milena

  • Data do documento

    2018/01/01

  • TIpo de documento

    Documento de Trabalho

  • No. do relatório

    137305

  • Nº do volume

    1

  • Total Volume(s)

    1

  • País

    Mundo,

  • Região

    Regiões Mundiais,

  • Data de divulgação

    2019/11/25

  • Disclosure Status

    Disclosed

  • Nome do documento

    The Role of Digital Identification for Healthcare : The Emerging Use Cases

  • Palavras-chave

    identification system; provision of health service; delivery of health services; Voluntary Counselling and Testing; Maternal and Child Mortality; public health insurance scheme; universal health insurance coverage; efficient allocation of resource; health policy and planning; adult morbidity and mortality; maternal and child health; quality of care; Identification for Development; healthcare system; civil registration systems; health information system; health system performance; access to health-care; cause of death; privileges and immunity; digital signature capability; public health management; public health crisis; continuity of care; national health insurance; national health information; country case study; Public Health Emergency; personal identification number; data collection effort; proof of identity; vital statistic; open source software; Child development; Health Service Delivery; public health information; social health insurance; access to insurance; national aids control; health insurance premium; social insurance program; use of service; comments and feedback; health insurance fund; food to child; private health insurance; single payer system; comprehensive health insurance; billion people; efficient resource allocation; public health concern; aids treatment program; health care system; personally identifiable information; essential health services; health service use; quality of data; public health indicator; public health facility; social protection scheme; health insurance program; economies of scale; impact on health; impact of aid; public health system; million people; subsidized health insurance; continuum of care; sensitive personal data; number of births; diagnosis and treatment; public health policy; information on treatments; identification of beneficiary; digital information system; family relationship; birth registration; national population; patient management; unique id; health systems; unique identifier; administrative burden; healthcare provider; Data Protection; digital identification; unique identification; personal information; health records; electronic health; universal coverage; aggregate data; universal healthcare; patient data; health care facilities; legal framework; Antiretroviral therapies; disease outbreak; antiretroviral therapy; health outcome; ID Systems; eligible beneficiary; identity documents; data exchange; patient records; in hospital; death registration; digital identity; id number; big data; data privacy; birth certificate; population statistic; information exchange; health program; individual right; migrant worker; technical standard; population registers; identity management; chronic disease; prescription information; unique identity; resident registration; legal residents; system design; data sharing; stateless person; privacy law; maternity care; individual privacy; national insurance; digital development; medical professional; beneficiary list; health finance; case surveillance; medical history; healthcare worker; emergency healthcare; social security; Health Workers; emergency response; public hospital; death certificate; benefit coverage; electronic identity; integration model; patient treatment; global development; global health

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