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China - Energy for rural development in China : an assessment based on a joint Chinese/ESMAP study in six counties (Inglês)

Since the initiation of China's "Open Door" policy in 1978, both the rural economy and rural energy consumption have changed dramatically. From 1979 to 1989, rural sector energy consumption increased threefold. Evaluation and project planning efforts depend on adequate data on fuel use, and for many years the only data available for planning was at the macro level. Recognizing this limitation, a series of county-based general evaluations of rural energy have been carried out. These studies collect primary data and provide training in appropriate techniques for an assessment of present energy consumption in rural China in order to serve as a basis for the general evaluation of projects to improve the rural energy situation. Over the past twenty years, great changes have taken place in the development of Chinese rural energy resources. Rural energy development now touches more than one hundred million farmers, and the efficient use of rural energy is vital to the sustainable development of the national economy. It is against this background that rural energy development must continue to promote strong linkages for the rural economy. The evolution of individual rural energy techniques and the application of commercial energy conservation technology can provide a productive environment for the maintenance of this progress. Significant opportunities for extending the local innovations exist on the county level.




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