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360° Resilience : A Guide to Prepare the Caribbean for a New Generation of Shocks – Resilience of the Caribbean Tourism Industry (Inglês)

Natural hazards, including hurricanes, floods, and landslides, are a common phenomenon in the Caribbean, affecting both residents and private companies. The World Travel and Tourism Council ranks the Caribbean as the most tourism-dependent region relative to the contribution of travel and tourism to gross domestic product (GDP). The tourism sector is particularly vulnerable because firms tend to be in at-risk areas, such as coastal areas or in the mountains. The lack of data makes it difficult for governments to fully assess the economic losses after a disaster to make the case for investments in more resilient infrastructure and prioritize interventions for strengthening resilience. To address this, Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) and the World Bank collected data from firms in the tourism industry in 13 countries in the Caribbean. The objective of the report is to summarize the main findings from the data collected and illustrate what the data contains and can be used for. The report is organized around the following sections: (i) methodology and data, (ii) infrastructure dependency and reliability, (iii) infrastructure reliability index, (iv) supply chains, (v) direct and indirect impacts of recent disasters, (vi) managing natural disaster, (vii) impacts of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) crisis on tourism, and (viii) discussion and conclusions.

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